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Sterol and Squalene Content of a Docosahexaenoic-Acid-Producing Thraustochytrid: Influence of Culture Age, Temperature, and Dissolved Oxygen

Citation

Lewis, TE and Nichols, PD and McMeekin, TA, Sterol and Squalene Content of a Docosahexaenoic-Acid-Producing Thraustochytrid: Influence of Culture Age, Temperature, and Dissolved Oxygen, Marine Biotechnology, 3, (5) pp. 439-447. ISSN 1436-2228 (2001) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1007/s10126-001-0016-3

Abstract

Thraustochytrid strain ACEM 6063, rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, was cultured at 15°C and 20°C in high (>40%) and low (<5%) dissolved oxygen (DO), and at 25°C in low-DO media. Samples were taken 4, 2, and 0 days before each culture reached peak biomass (T-4, T-2, and Tp, respectively). Twenty sterols, 13 of which were identified, were detected. Predominant were cholest-5-en-3β-ol, 24-ethylcholesta-5,22E-dien-3β-ol, 24-methylcholesta-5,22E-dien-3β-ol, and 2 coeluting sterols, one of which was 24-ethylcholesta-5,7,22-trien-3β-ol. These 4 sterols comprised 50% to 90% of total sterols. Cultures grown at high DO had simpler sterol profiles than those grown at low DO. Only the 4 sterols mentioned above were present at more than 3% of total sterols in high-DO cultures. In low-DO cultures, up to 6 additional sterols were present at more than 3% of total sterols. Culture age, temperature, and DO influenced squalene and sterol content. Total sterols (as a proportion of total lipids) decreased with increasing culture age. If organisms such as ACEM 6063 are to be used for commercial production of lipid products for human consumption, both their sterol content and factors influencing sterol production need to be characterized thoroughly.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Research Field:Biochemistry and Cell Biology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Other Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Field:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products not elsewhere classified
Author:Lewis, TE (Dr Thomas Lewis)
Author:McMeekin, TA (Professor Thomas McMeekin)
ID Code:21869
Year Published:2001
Web of Science® Times Cited:44
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:2001-08-01
Last Modified:2002-05-14
Downloads:0

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