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Controlled Comparison of Single-session Treatments for Spider Phobia: Live Graded Exposure Alone versus Computer-aided Vicarious Exposure

Citation

Heading, K and Kirkby, KC and Martin, F and Daniels, BA and Gilroy, L and Menzies, RG, Controlled Comparison of Single-session Treatments for Spider Phobia: Live Graded Exposure Alone versus Computer-aided Vicarious Exposure, Behaviour Change, 18, (2) pp. 103-113. ISSN 0813-4839 (2001) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1375/bech.18.2.103

Abstract

The efficacy of prolonged single sessions of live graded exposure (LGE) and computer-aided vicarious exposure (CAVE) for spider phobia was examined in a single-blind, controlled trial. Forty participants diagnosed with specific phobia (spiders) received a prolonged single-session treatment of either therapist-aided LGE comprising exposure only or CAVE, or were assigned to a waiting list. Phobic symptomatology was measured at pre- and post-treatment, and at 1-month follow-up on a range of behavioural and subjective assessments. The results showed that the single-session therapist-aided LGE was superior to both CAVE and the waiting-list control. In contrast with previous findings of comparability between LGE and CAVE, and superiority of CAVE over placebo, the present study found no significant differences between the CAVE and waiting-list groups, with the exception of subjective units of distress, providing little support for single-session CAVE treatment.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Mental Health
Author:Heading, K (Ms Katherine Heading)
Author:Kirkby, KC (Professor Kenneth Kirkby)
Author:Martin, F (Associate Professor Frances Martin)
Author:Daniels, BA (Dr Brett Daniels)
Author:Gilroy, L (Ms Lisa Gilroy)
ID Code:21367
Year Published:2001
Web of Science® Times Cited:18
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2001-08-01
Last Modified:2002-05-21
Downloads:0

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