Spontaneous and intentional dynamics of bimanual coordination in Parkinson's disease
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Byblow, WD and Summers, JJ and Thomas, J, Spontaneous and intentional dynamics of bimanual coordination in Parkinson's disease, Human Movement Science, 19, (2) pp. 223-249. ISSN 0167-9457 (2000) [Refereed Article]
The aim of this study was to investigate the coordination dynamics of individuals with Parkinson's disease (Pd) during the production of rhythmic pronation and supination movements of the upper limb in symmetric (inphase) and asymmetric (antiphase) patterns, and dynamics associated with intentional switching between patterns. Participants with Pd (n=4) and age-matched controls (n=3) exhibited spontaneous phase transitions from antiphase to inphase patterns at an individually specific movement frequency (STF). In metronome-paced trials subjects produced antiphase or inphase patterns at five frequencies ranging from STF -0.5 to STF +0.5 Hz. In a second session the same participants produced intentional transitions (inphase to antiphase, antiphase to inphase) at the four highest frequencies. Participants with Pd exhibited spontaneous transitions at a lower frequency than age-matched controls. The Pd group tended to deviate from intended relative phase relations to a greater extent than controls, resulting in significantly higher asynchrony between hands for the Pd group. Normalised to STF there was equivalence between patients and controls in terms of uniformity (stability) of relative phase, despite the asynchrony. Although no clear differences between the Pd and control participants were found in the transition duration for intentional switching, the time between the signal to switch and the transition onset was longer for the Pd participants than the controls. This finding supports the suggestion that individuals with Pd are impaired in the production of movements that require intentional specification. © 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
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