eCite Digital Repository

Civic Identity in Australia


Pakulski, J and Tranter, BK, Civic Identity in Australia, Australian Journal of Social Issues, 35, (1) pp. 35-51. ISSN 0157-6321 (2000) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1002/j.1839-4655.2000.tb01302.x


A typology of macro-social identities is suggested based on the strength of social attachments (strong vs. weak) and the nature of the objects-referents of such attachments (society vs. nation). It yields three types of identity: civic, ethno-national, and denizen. This typology is then operationalized using national survey data (1995 ISSP). The analysis reveals two modal forms of identity in Australia (the denizen identity appears to be very rare). The largest proportion (38%) of Australians embrace civic identity, and this identity is most widespread among 'baby boomers', tertiary educated, and the secular. Ethno-nationalists form a sizable minority (30%), and they are predominantly older, less educated and religious people. The key issue dividing the adherents to civic and ethno-national identity is immigration and its socioeconomic consequences. The proportion of ethno-nationalists is likely to shrink in the process of generational replacement, educational revolution and progressive secularization.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Human Society
Research Group:Sociology
Research Field:Sociology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Law, Politics and Community Services
Objective Group:Community services
Objective Field:Social class and inequalities
UTAS Author:Pakulski, J (Professor Jan Pakulski)
UTAS Author:Tranter, BK (Professor Bruce Tranter)
ID Code:19392
Year Published:2000
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Sociology and Social Work
Deposited On:2000-08-01
Last Modified:2001-06-12

Repository Staff Only: item control page