Structural and EPR Study of the Dependence on Deuteration of the Jahn-Teller Distortion in Ammonium Hexaaquacopper(II) Sulfate, (NH4)2[Cu(H2O)6](SO4)2
Henning, RW and Schultz, AJ and Hitchman, MA and Kelly, GLA and Astley, T, Structural and EPR Study of the Dependence on Deuteration of the Jahn-Teller Distortion in Ammonium Hexaaquacopper(II) Sulfate, (NH4)2[Cu(H2O)6](SO4)2, Inorganic Chemistry, 39, (4) pp. 765-769. ISSN 0020-1669 (2000) [Refereed Article]
The variation of the EPR spectra with degree of deuteration of the partially deuterated Tutton salt ammonium hexaaquacopper(II) sulfate, (NH4)2[Cu(H2O)6](SO4)2, has been measured at 293 K. The measurements indicate that the structure changes quite abruptly from that of the pure hydrogenous salt to that of the fully deuterated salt at ~50% deuteration. The structure of a crystal in which ~42% of the hydrogen atoms were replaced by deuterium was elucidated at 15 K by single-crystal time-of-flight neutron diffraction. The hexaaquacopper(II) complex exhibits an orthorhombically distorted, tetragonally elongated octahedral coordination geometry (Cu-O bond distances of 2.281(1), 2.007(1), and 1.975(1) Å). The structure is very similar to that reported for the undeuterated salt at 9.6 K, and markedly different from that of the fully deuterated compound at 15 K, which has similar Cu-O bond lengths but with the directions of the long and intermediate bonds interchanged. There is no evidence for disorder or partial switching of the Cu-O bond directions. This is consistent with the temperature dependence of the EPR spectrum of the ~42% deuterated compound, which indicates a thermal equilibrium between the two structural forms close to room temperature similar to that reported for the undeuterated compound, but complete reversion to the low-temperature phase on cooling to 5 K. The possible influence of deuteration upon the hydrogen-bonding distances and the bearing of this upon the structural modifications of the compound are discussed.