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The Life History and Host Range of Charidotis pygmaea (Col.: Chrysomelidae), a Biological Control Agent for Lantana montevidensis (Verbenaceae)

Citation

Day, MD and Wilson, BW and Nahrung, HF, The Life History and Host Range of Charidotis pygmaea (Col.: Chrysomelidae), a Biological Control Agent for Lantana montevidensis (Verbenaceae), Biocontrol Science and Technology, 9, (3) pp. 347-354. ISSN 0958-3157 (1999) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1080/09583159929604

Abstract

The life cycle and host range of Charidotis pygmaea Klug were investigated to assess its suitability for release as a biological control agent for Lantana camara L. and L. montevidensis (Sprengel) Briquet. Adults fed and deposited eggs on the underside of leaves of both species. They generally laid fewer eggs in the dry winter months when lantana yellows or drops its leaves. Larvae fed on the upper leaf surface and pupation occurred on the leaves or stems. Development from egg to adult took approximately 50 days. Survival to the adult stage was greater, and the development time was shorter on L. montevidensis than on all varieties of L. camara tested, suggesting that the agent would be ineffective against L. camara. Forty-two plant species were tested to determine host specificity in choice oviposition and larval feeding trials. These demonstrated that C. pygmaea did not pose a threat to non-target species. Consequently, C. pygmaea was approved for release in Australia and through its ability to survive the dry season, should assist in the control of L. montevidensis.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Crop and Pasture Production
Research Field:Crop and Pasture Protection (Pests, Diseases and Weeds)
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Other Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Field:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products not elsewhere classified
ID Code:17678
Year Published:1999
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:1999-08-01
Last Modified:2011-09-27
Downloads:0

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