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Macrofossils of Callicoma and Codia (Cunoniaceae) from Australian cainozoic sediments


Barnes, RW and Hill, RS, Macrofossils of Callicoma and Codia (Cunoniaceae) from Australian cainozoic sediments , Australian Systematic Botany, 12, (5) pp. 647-670. ISSN 1030-1887 (1999) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1071/SB98016


Leaves, leaf fragments and two infructescences from five widespread Australian Cainozoic fossil localities, Little Rapid River, Lemonthyme Creek, Cethana (Early Oligocene), Berwick Quarry (Oligocene-Early Miocene) and Stuart Creek (Miocene-Pliocene) are assigned to, or validated as, the extant species Callicoma serratifolia Andrews. The extant species or, more likely, a very close relative, evolved prior to the Early Oligocene and has since remained relatively unchanged. It has become restricted to the forests of eastern mainland Australia, probably in response to climatic change during the Cainozoic. The first macrofossil of Codia, C. australiensis R.W.Barnes and R.S.Hill sp. nov., is described from West Dale (Middle Eocene-Oligocene), Western Australia, and has affinities with the juvenile foliage of at least one extant Codia species. Several structures of Callicoma and some Codia species (stomatal cutin frill/ledge and paired hair bases) may be synapomorphies for these genera. Callicoma serratifolia and Codia may share a unique common ancestor, or alternatively, C. serratifolia may represent a paedomorphic form of Codia.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Evolutionary biology
Research Field:Plant and fungus systematics and taxonomy
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences
UTAS Author:Barnes, RW (Dr Richard Barnes)
UTAS Author:Hill, RS (Professor Bob Hill)
ID Code:17493
Year Published:1999
Web of Science® Times Cited:18
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:1999-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-05

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