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Worry and defensive pessimism: A test of two intervention strategies

Citation

Thompson, T and Mason, BW and Montgomery, IM, Worry and defensive pessimism: A test of two intervention strategies, Behaviour Change, 16, (4) pp. 246-258. ISSN 0813-4839 (1999) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1375/bech.16.4.246

Abstract

This study assessed the effectiveness of counterfactual reasoning and relaxation training in reducing worry and defensive pessimism. Thirty-three participants classified as both worriers and defensive pessimists were allocated to either counterfactual reasoning, relaxation training, or control groups. Participants in counterfactual reasoning and relaxation training groups attended four weekly training sessions. Significant reductions in worry between pre- and post-test were evident for scores on the Worry Domains Questionnaire, as well as a reduced tendency to engage in the kind of prototypical thinking characteristic of defensive pessimists as assessed by the Defensive Pessimism / Strategic Optimism Strategy Prototypes Questionnaire. Reductions were also evident in the percentage of the day spent worrying, the intrusiveness of worries, and ratings of the likelihood of worry events occurring.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Personality, Abilities and Assessment
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Author:Thompson, T (Dr Ted Thompson)
Author:Mason, BW (Miss Bronte Willow Mason)
Author:Montgomery, IM (Dr Iain Montgomery)
ID Code:17467
Year Published:1999
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:1999-08-01
Last Modified:2000-05-13
Downloads:0

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