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Worry and defensive pessimism: A test of two intervention strategies


Thompson, T and Mason, BW and Montgomery, IM, Worry and defensive pessimism: A test of two intervention strategies, Behaviour Change, 16, (4) pp. 246-258. ISSN 0813-4839 (1999) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1375/bech.16.4.246


This study assessed the effectiveness of counterfactual reasoning and relaxation training in reducing worry and defensive pessimism. Thirty-three participants classified as both worriers and defensive pessimists were allocated to either counterfactual reasoning, relaxation training, or control groups. Participants in counterfactual reasoning and relaxation training groups attended four weekly training sessions. Significant reductions in worry between pre- and post-test were evident for scores on the Worry Domains Questionnaire, as well as a reduced tendency to engage in the kind of prototypical thinking characteristic of defensive pessimists as assessed by the Defensive Pessimism / Strategic Optimism Strategy Prototypes Questionnaire. Reductions were also evident in the percentage of the day spent worrying, the intrusiveness of worries, and ratings of the likelihood of worry events occurring.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Social and personality psychology
Research Field:Personality and individual differences
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in psychology
UTAS Author:Thompson, T (Dr Ted Thompson)
UTAS Author:Mason, BW (Miss Bronte Willow Mason)
UTAS Author:Montgomery, IM (Dr Iain Montgomery)
ID Code:17467
Year Published:1999
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:1999-08-01
Last Modified:2000-05-13

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