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Developing Team Cohesion: A Comparison of Cognitive-Behavioral Strategies of U.S. and Australian Sports Coaches

Citation

Ryska, TA and Yin, Z and Cooley, PD and Ginn, RA, Developing Team Cohesion: A Comparison of Cognitive-Behavioral Strategies of U.S. and Australian Sports Coaches, The Journal of Psychology, 133, (5) pp. 523-539. ISSN 0022-3980 (1999) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1080/00223989909599760

Abstract

Anecdotal importance has been placed on various means of developing sport team cohesion. However, little empirical evidence exists as to the specific cognitive-behavioral strategies used by coaches and the situational variables that govern their use (M. H. Anshel, 1990; F. Gardner, 1995). The goal of this study was to determine the latent factors of cohesion strategies as well as patterns of use. Australian (n = 196) and U.S. (n = 162) coaches reported the frequency of use, relative effectiveness, and perceived control of coaching behaviors proposed to facilitate team cohesion. Multiple analysis of variance revealed that social cohesion strategies were determined primarily by sporting culture, coach gender, sport type, and competitive level of teams. Cultural differences in strategy use are discussed within the framework of J. Misumi's (1992) performance-maintenance theory of leadership. © 1999 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Psychology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Education and Training Systems
Objective Field:Education and Training Systems not elsewhere classified
Author:Cooley, PD (Dr Dean Cooley)
Author:Ginn, RA (Miss Rebecca Ginn)
ID Code:16894
Year Published:1999
Web of Science® Times Cited:12
Deposited By:Secondary and Post-Compulsory Education
Deposited On:1999-08-01
Last Modified:2000-05-05
Downloads:0

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