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Environment and Floristics of Ten Australian Alpine Vegetation Formations


Kirkpatrick, JB and Bridle, K, Environment and Floristics of Ten Australian Alpine Vegetation Formations, Australian Journal of Botany, 47, (1) pp. 1-21. ISSN 0067-1924 (1999) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1071/BT97058


Data on floristics, structure and environment were collected from quadrats throughout the geographic range of alpine vegetation in Australia. These data were used to explore the floristic and environmental relationships of ten alpine vegetation formations: bolster heath, coniferous heath, heath, alpine sedgeland, fjaeldmark, tall alpine herbfield, short alpine herbfield, grassland, bog and fen. Alpine sedgeland and coniferous heath, and tall alpine herbfield and grassland, proved to be closely similar in their floristics. Grassland and coniferous heath were most separated in ordination space. The environmental variables with the largest numbers of significant differences between formations were extractable phosphorus, summer temperatures, winter temperatures and topography. However, many other edaphic, climatic, topographic and biotic variables were important in discriminating between formations. The results of the formation-environment analyses were largely consistent with the relationships suggested in the previous literature. However, some environmental differences between formations that were observed or posited from local studies did not prove to be exportable to the alpine zone as a whole. Edaphic and topographic variables appear to be more important in discriminating the environments of alpine formations than the environments of alpine floristic communities.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Conservation and biodiversity
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Terrestrial biodiversity
UTAS Author:Kirkpatrick, JB (Professor James Kirkpatrick)
UTAS Author:Bridle, K (Dr Kerry Bridle)
ID Code:16611
Year Published:1999
Web of Science® Times Cited:19
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:1999-08-01
Last Modified:2000-05-15

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