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Molecular diffusive fluxes of oxygen in sediments of Port Phillip Bay in south-eastern Australia

Citation

Burke, CM, Molecular diffusive fluxes of oxygen in sediments of Port Phillip Bay in south-eastern Australia, Marine and Freshwater Research, 50, (6) pp. 557-566. ISSN 1323-1650 (1999) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1071/MF98056

Abstract

Port Phillip Bay is a large, shallow, semi-enclosed bay in south-eastern Australia. Microelectrodes were used to measure profiles of oxygen concentration in sediment cores taken from nine sites in the bay in January and February 1994. The effects of sediment surface topography, flow rate of the overlying water and irradiance on the distribution of oxygen in the sediments, and on the molecular diffusive fluxes of oxygen, were determined. Oxygen typically penetrated ≤3 mm into the sediment. Deeper penetration occurred when oxygen was photosynthetically produced in situ. In most cores the sediments consumed oxygen. Molecular diffusive fluxes of oxygen, determined from the gradient of oxygen in the DBL, were compared with fluxes modelled from the sediment gradient of oxygen. The modelled diffusive fluxes are considered to give better estimates of the diffusive fluxes in situ. Modelled fluxes ranged from 1.5 to 28.5 mmol O2 m-2 day-1, which was 43% (s.d. = 36%, n = 16) of the total flux at each site. Cores from two sites demonstrated efflux of oxygen, up to 71 mmol O2 m-2 day-1, as a result of photosynthesis in situ. The high degree of variability in oxygen fluxes within cores demonstrates the dynamism of oxygen cycling in these sediments.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Coastal and Estuarine Environments
Author:Burke, CM (Dr Chris Burke)
ID Code:16603
Year Published:1999
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:TAFI - Aquaculture
Deposited On:1999-08-01
Last Modified:2011-11-18
Downloads:0

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