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The biotechnological potential of thraustochytrids

Citation

Lewis, TE and Nichols, PD and McMeekin, TA, The biotechnological potential of thraustochytrids, Marine Biotechnology, 1, (6) pp. 580-587. ISSN 1436-2228 (1999) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1007/PL00011813

Abstract

Thraustochytrids are common marine microheterotrophs, taxonomically aligned with heterokont algae. Recent studies have shown that some thraustochytrid strains can be cultured to produce high biomass, containing substantial amounts of lipid rich in polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA). It is also evident that cell yield and PUFA production by some thraustochytrid strains can be varied by manipulation of physical and chemical parameters of the culture. At present, fish oils and cultured phototrophic microalgae are the main commercial sources of PUFA. The possible decline of commercial fish stocks and the relatively complex technology required to commercially produce microalgae have prompted research into possible alternative sources of PUFA. The culture of thraustochytrids and other PUFA-producing microheterotrophs is seen as one such alternative. Indeed, several thraustochytrid-based products are already on the market, and research into further applications is continuing. Many fish and microalgal oils currently available have relatively complex PUFA profiles, increasing the cost of preparation of high-purity PUFA oils. In contrast, some of the thraustochytrids examined to date have simpler PUFA profiles. If these or other strains can be grown in sufficient quantities and at an appropriate cost, the use of thraustochytrid-derived oils may decrease the high expense currently involved with producing high-purity microbial oils. As more is learned about the health and nutritional benefits of PUFA, demand for PUFA-rich products is expected to increase. Results to date suggest that thraustochytrids could form an important part in the supply of such products.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Aquaculture
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Aquaculture
Objective Field:Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified
Author:Lewis, TE (Dr Thomas Lewis)
Author:Nichols, PD (Dr Peter Nichols)
Author:McMeekin, TA (Professor Thomas McMeekin)
ID Code:16025
Year Published:1999
Web of Science® Times Cited:128
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:1999-08-01
Last Modified:2000-06-16
Downloads:0

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