The determination of arsenic and selenium in standard reference materials using sector field ICP-MS in high resolution mode
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Townsend, AT, The determination of arsenic and selenium in standard reference materials using sector field ICP-MS in high resolution mode, Fresenius J Anal Chem, 364, (6) pp. 521-526. ISSN 0937-0633 (1999) [Refereed Article]
Sector field ICP-MS was used to analyse As and Se in a range of standard reference materials (NIST 1643d Water, NIST 1573a Tomato Leaves, NIST 1566a Oyster Tissue, NIST 2704 Buffalo River Sediment and Bio-Rad Reference Urine Level 2). A spectral resolution of m/Î"m = 7500 enabled 75As and 77Se to be separated from problematic ArCl interferences. Following microwave acid digestion, solid samples were typically diluted 1 + 99 prior to analysis, while the urine sample was diluted 1 + 9. The water sample was analysed undiluted and diluted 1 + 9. Despite near baseline spectral separation, 75As and 77Se were still found to be influenced by ArCl at high Cl concentrations, the effect being most pronounced for 77Se. When necessary 82Se was also monitored to determine the accuracy of the 77Se results. Detection limits (LOD, based on 3Ïƒ of 10 replicates) for 75As, 77Se and 82Se in ultra-pure water, 1% (w/w) HNO3 and 1% (w/w) HCl were âˆ¼0.1, âˆ¼0.2 and âˆ¼0.5 ng g-1, respectively. Although signal intensities when using high resolution were âˆ¼1% of that found when using low resolution mode (m/Î"m = 300), measured As concentrations and certified values were found to agree to within Â± 11% for all samples analysed. The concentration of Se in NIST 1566a Oyster Tissue, NIST 2704 Buffalo River Sediment and Bio-Rad Reference Urine were found to be in agreement with certified values to within Â± 15-20%, as measured by 77Se. However, closer agreement (Â± 5%) was found when these samples were analysed using 82Se. The Se concentration in NIST 1643d Water was found to agree to within Â±5% of the certified value (depending on dilution factor). Due to the low concentration of Se in NIST 1573a Tomato Leaves, quantitation was not possible (below LOQ, 10Ïƒ). As a consequence of the lower ion transmission when using resolution 7500, analytical precisions were found to be elevated over that normally observed using low resolution mode, typically Â± 5-20% (depending on analyte concentration and isotopic abundance). Â© Springer-Verlag 1999.
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