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Top 10 International Priorities for Physical Fitness Research and Surveillance Among Children and Adolescents: A Twin-Panel Delphi Study


Lang, JJ and Zhang, K and Agostinis-Sobrinho, C and Andersen, LB and Berglind, D and Blain, DO and Cadenas-Sanchez, C and Cameron, C and Carson, V and Colley, RC and Csanyi, T and Faigenbaum, AD and Garcia-Hermoso, A and Gomes, TNQF and Gribbon, A and Janssen, I and Jurak, G and Kaj, M and Kidokoro, T and Lane, KN and Liu, Y and Lof, M and Lubans, DR and Magnussen, CG and Manyanga, T and McGrath, R and Mota, J and Olds, T and Onywera, VO and Ortega, FB and Oyeyemi, AL and Prince, SA and Ramirez-Velez, R and Roberts, KC and Rubin, L and Servais, J and Silva, DAS and Silva, DR and Smith, JJ and Song, Y and Stratton, G and Timmons, BW and Tomkinson, GR and Tremblay, MS and Wong, SHS and Fraser, BJ, Top 10 International Priorities for Physical Fitness Research and Surveillance Among Children and Adolescents: A Twin-Panel Delphi Study, Sports Medicine, 53, (2) pp. 549-564. ISSN 0112-1642 (2023) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1007/s40279-022-01752-6


Background: The measurement of physical fitness has a history that dates back nearly 200 years. Recently, there has been an increase in international research and surveillance on physical fitness creating a need for setting international priorities that could help guide future efforts.

Objective: This study aimed to produce a list of the top 10 international priorities for research and surveillance on physical fitness among children and adolescents.

Methods: Using a twin-panel Delphi method, two independent panels consisting of 46 international experts were identified (panel 1 = 28, panel 2 = 18). The panel participants were asked to list up to five priorities for research or surveillance (round 1), and then rated the items from their own panel on a 5-point Likert scale of importance (round 2). In round 3, experts were asked to rate the priorities identified by the other panel.

Results: There was strong between-panel agreement (panel 1: rs = 0.76, p < 0.01; panel 2: rs = 0.77, p < 0.01) in the priorities identified. The list of the final top 10 priorities included (i) "conduct longitudinal studies to assess changes in fitness and associations with health". This was followed by (ii) "use fitness surveillance to inform decision making", and (iii) "implement regular and consistent international/national fitness surveys using common measures".

Conclusions: The priorities identified in this study provide guidance for future international collaborations and research efforts on the physical fitness of children and adolescents over the next decade and beyond.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:childhood; physical fitness; Delphi study; research; surveillance
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Paediatrics
Research Field:Adolescent health
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)
Objective Field:Adolescent health
UTAS Author:Magnussen, CG (Associate Professor Costan Magnussen)
UTAS Author:Fraser, BJ (Dr Brooklyn Fraser)
ID Code:155530
Year Published:2023
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2023-02-27
Last Modified:2023-02-27

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