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Viral diseases of fish and shellfish in Australian mariculture


Munday, BL and Owens, L, Viral diseases of fish and shellfish in Australian mariculture, Fish Pathology, 33, (4) pp. 193-200. ISSN 0388-788X (1998) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.3147/jsfp.33.193


Except for table and pearl oyster culture, marine aquaculture in Australia has only a short history. This, together with the less intensive culture methods which are usually employed, probably explains why relatively few viral diseases have been detected and even fewer are of significance. However, we predict that, as more species are brought into aquaculture and management practices intensify, viral diseases of both fin- and shellfish will assume greater significance. The one exception is salmonid mariculture which is based on stocks which are uniquely free of the major, pathogenic salmonid viruses as a result of their effective quarantine from northern hemisphere populations. In Australian finfish mariculture the major pathogen is the nodavirus which causes mass mortality in larval barrumundi (Lates calcarifer). The recent massive mortality of pilchards (Sardinops sagax) is also discussed as are lymphocystis and a number of less important viral diseases. No viruses of commercial significance have been detected in Australian molluscs, although a herpesvirus infecting juvenile clams Katelysia sp. has been a significant impediment to commercialisation of these shellfish. The situation with shrimps is somewhat different as a new syndrome called mid-crop mortality syndrome (MCMS) has caused major losses. This syndrome appears to be a multifactorial disease with at least four viruses being visualised by electronmicoscopy. Of these, two are regarded as the most important; a parvo-like virus (spawner-isolated mortality virus) and a possible rhabdo-like virus (gill-associated virus) which resembles yellowhead virus.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Veterinary sciences
Research Field:Veterinary virology
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - aquaculture
Objective Field:Fisheries - aquaculture not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Munday, BL (Dr Barry Munday)
ID Code:15553
Year Published:1998
Web of Science® Times Cited:14
Deposited By:TAFI - Aquaculture
Deposited On:1998-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-10

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