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How does neurovascular unit dysfunction contribute to multiple sclerosis?


Cashion, JM and Young, K and Sutherland, BA, How does neurovascular unit dysfunction contribute to multiple sclerosis?, Neurobiology of Disease, 178 pp. 1-17. ISSN 0969-9961 (2023) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2023.106028


Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) and the most common non-traumatic cause of neurological disability in young adults. Multiple sclerosis clinical care has improved considerably due to the development of disease-modifying therapies that effectively modulate the peripheral immune response and reduce relapse frequency. However, current treatments do not prevent neurodegeneration and disease progression, and efforts to prevent multiple sclerosis will be hampered so long as the cause of this disease remains unknown. Risk factors for multiple sclerosis development or severity include vitamin D deficiency, cigarette smoking and youth obesity, which also impact vascular health. People with multiple sclerosis frequently experience blood-brain barrier breakdown, microbleeds, reduced cerebral blood flow and diminished neurovascular reactivity, and it is possible that these vascular pathologies are tied to multiple sclerosis development. The neurovascular unit is a cellular network that controls neuroinflammation, maintains blood-brain barrier integrity, and tightly regulates cerebral blood flow, matching energy supply to neuronal demand. The neurovascular unit is composed of vessel-associated cells such as endothelial cells, pericytes and astrocytes, however neuronal and other glial cell types also comprise the neurovascular niche. Recent single-cell transcriptomics data, indicate that neurovascular cells, particular cells of the microvasculature, are compromised within multiple sclerosis lesions. Large-scale genetic and small-scale cell biology studies also suggest that neurovascular dysfunction could be a primary pathology contributing to multiple sclerosis development. Herein we revisit multiple sclerosis risk factors and multiple sclerosis pathophysiology and highlight the known and potential roles of neurovascular unit dysfunction in multiple sclerosis development and disease progression. We also evaluate the suitability of the neurovascular unit as a potential target for future disease modifying therapies for multiple sclerosis.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:neurovascular niche, multiple sclerosis, myelin, pericyte, oligodendrocyte
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Central nervous system
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the biomedical and clinical sciences
UTAS Author:Cashion, JM (Mr Jake Cashion)
UTAS Author:Young, K (Professor Kaylene Young)
UTAS Author:Sutherland, BA (Associate Professor Brad Sutherland)
ID Code:155420
Year Published:2023
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2023-02-20
Last Modified:2023-02-20

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