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A latent transition analysis of physical activity and screen-based sedentary behavior from adolescence to young adulthood


Parker, K and Cleland, V and Dollman, J and Della Gatta, J and Hatt, J and Timperio, A, A latent transition analysis of physical activity and screen-based sedentary behavior from adolescence to young adulthood, The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 19, (1) pp. 1-9. ISSN 1479-5868 (2022) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

The Author(s) 2022. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

DOI: doi:10.1186/s12966-022-01339-4


Background: Distinct typologies of physical activity and screen-based sedentary behaviors are common during adolescence, but it is unknown how these change over time. This longitudinal study examined the stability of activity-related behavioral typologies over the transition out of secondary school.

Methods: Year 11 students (penultimate school year) completed a self-report survey (baseline), which was repeated 2 years later (follow-up) (75% female, mean baseline age: 16.9 0.4 years). Latent transition analysis identified typologies of physical activity and screen time behaviors and explored changes in typology membership between baseline and follow-up among those with complete data and who were not attending secondary school at follow-up (n = 803).

Results: Three unique typologies were identified and labelled as: 1) Sedentary gamers (baseline: 17%; follow-up: 15%: high levels of screen behaviors, particularly video gaming); 2) Inactives (baseline: 46%; follow-up: 48%: low physical activities, average levels of screen behaviors); and 3) Actives (baseline: 37%; follow-up: 37%: high physical activities, low screen behaviors). Most participants remained in the same typology (83.2%), 8.5% transitioned to a typology with a more health-enhancing profile and 8.3% transitioned to a typology with a more detrimental behavioral profile.

Conclusions: The high proportion within the 'inactive' typology and the stability of typologies over the transition period suggests that public health interventions are required to improve activity-related behavior typologies before adolescents leave secondary school.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:public health, health promotion, physical activity, sedentary behavior, transition, typologies, pathways, youth
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Behavioural epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Cleland, V (Associate Professor Verity Cleland)
ID Code:155388
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2023-02-17
Last Modified:2023-03-20
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