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Correlates and determinants of transport-related physical activity among adults: an interdisciplinary systematic review


Evans, JT and Phan, H and Buscot, M-J and Gall, S and Cleland, V, Correlates and determinants of transport-related physical activity among adults: an interdisciplinary systematic review, BMC Public Health, 22, (1) pp. 1-26. ISSN 1471-2458 (2022) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1186/s12889-022-13937-9


Introduction: Transport-related physical activity (TRPA) has been identified as a way to increase physical activity due to its discretionary and habitual nature. Factors thought to influence TRPA span multiple disciplines and are rarely systematically considered in unison. This systematic review aimed to identify cross-sectional and longitudinal factors associated with adult TRPA across multiple research disciplines.

Methods: Using four electronic databases, a systematic search of English, peer-reviewed literature from 2010 - 2020 was performed. Studies quantitatively examining factors associated with the outcome of adult TRPA were eligible.

Results: Seventy-three studies (n = 66 cross-sectional; n = 7 longitudinal) were included, cumulatively reporting data from 1,278,632 observations. Thirty-six factors were examined for potential association with TRPA and presented in a social-ecological framework: individual (n = 15), social (n = 3), and environmental (n = 18). Seven factors were found to be consistently associated with higher adult TRPA: lower socio-economic status, higher self-efficacy, higher social normalization, lower distance of travel, higher destination concentration, more streetlighting, and higher public transportation frequency with a greater number of terminals near route start and endpoints.

Conclusions: This is the first comprehensive compilation of the correlates and determinants of adult TRPA. Seven individual, social, and environmental factors demonstrated consistent associations with TRPA. Models formed using these factors may facilitate more effective promotion of TRPA. There is a lack of longitudinal studies as well as studies assessing cognitive/attitudinal and social factors, highlighting gaps for further research. Those developing policies and strategies targeting TRPA need to consider a range of factors at the individual, social, and environmental level to maximise the likelihood of effectiveness.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:physical activity, public health, adult, behaviours, exercise, physical activity, risk factors, systematic review, transportation
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Behavioural epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Evans, JT (Mr Jack Evans)
UTAS Author:Phan, H (Dr Hoang Phan)
UTAS Author:Buscot, M-J (Dr Marie-Jeanne Buscot)
UTAS Author:Gall, S (Associate Professor Seana Gall)
UTAS Author:Cleland, V (Associate Professor Verity Cleland)
ID Code:155387
Year Published:2022
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2023-02-17
Last Modified:2023-02-17

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