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Integrating management of marine activities in Australia


Stephenson, R and Hobday, AJ and Butler, I and Cannard, T and Cowlishaw, M and Cresswell, I and Cvitanovic, C and Day, JC and Dobbs, K and Dutra, LXC and Frusher, S and Fudge, M and Fulton, B and Gillanders, BM and Gollan, N and Haward, M and Hutton, T and Jordan, A and McDonald, J and MacLeod, C and Pecl, G and Plaganyi, E and van Putten, I and Vince, J and Ward, T, Integrating management of marine activities in Australia, Ocean and Coastal Management, 234 Article 106465. ISSN 0964-5691 (2023) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2022.106465


Integrated management (IM) has been widely proposed, but difficult to achieve in practice, and there remains the need for evaluation of examples that illustrate the practical issues that contribute to IM success or failure. This paper synthesises experiences of academics and practitioners involved in seven Australian case studies in which there have been attempts to integrate or take a broader, holistic perspective of management. The evaluative framework of Stephenson et al. (2019a) was used as a lens to explore, through workshops and a questionnaire survey, the nine key features and five anticipated stages of IM in the Gladstone Harbour Project, the Great Barrier Reef, the Northern Prawn fishery and regional development, the South-East Queensland Healthy Waterways Partnership, the Australian Oceans Policy, the New South Wales Marine Estate reforms, and progress toward Integrated Management in the Spencer Gulf. Workshops involving experts with direct experience of the case studies revealed that most of the key features (recognition of the need; a shared vision for IM; appropriate legal and policy frameworks; effective process for appropriate stakeholder participation; comprehensive suite of objectives (ecological, social, cultural, economic and institutional); consideration of trade-offs and cumulative effects of multiple activities; flexibility to adapt to changing conditions; process for ongoing review, evaluation and refinement; and effective resourcing) were seen as important in all case studies. However, there are only a few examples where key features of IM were implemented ‘fully’. A subsequent questionnaire of participants using ‘best-worst’ scaling indicated that an appropriate legal and institutional framework is considered to have most influence on IM outcomes, and therefore is the most important of the key features. This is followed in salience by effective stakeholder participation, effective resourcing, capacity and tools, and recognition of the need for IM. Key features may change in relative importance at different stages in the trajectory of IM.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ocean governance management, marine resources management, marine spatial planning, ecosystem-based management, trade-offs, cumulative effects, marine protected area MPA, World heritage area
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Environmental management
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Coastal and estuarine systems and management
Objective Field:Coastal or estuarine biodiversity
UTAS Author:Hobday, AJ (Dr Alistair Hobday)
UTAS Author:Cvitanovic, C (Dr Christopher Cvitanovic)
UTAS Author:Frusher, S (Professor Stewart Frusher)
UTAS Author:Fudge, M (Dr Maree Fudge)
UTAS Author:Fulton, B (Dr Elizabeth Fulton)
UTAS Author:Haward, M (Professor Marcus Haward)
UTAS Author:McDonald, J (Professor Jan McDonald)
UTAS Author:MacLeod, C (Professor Catriona MacLeod)
UTAS Author:Pecl, G (Professor Gretta Pecl)
UTAS Author:Plaganyi, E (Dr Eva Plaganyi-Lloyd)
UTAS Author:van Putten, I (Dr Ingrid Van Putten)
UTAS Author:Vince, J (Associate Professor Joanna Vince)
UTAS Author:Ward, T (Associate Professor Timothy Ward)
ID Code:155275
Year Published:2023
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2023-02-08
Last Modified:2023-02-08

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