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Exploring community-based suicide prevention in the context of rural Australia: A qualitative study


Grattidge, L and Hoang, H and Mond, J and Lees, D and Visentin, D and Auckland, S, Exploring community-based suicide prevention in the context of rural Australia: A qualitative study, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20, (3) Article 2644. ISSN 1660-4601 (2023) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.3390/ijerph20032644


Suicide rates in rural communities are higher than in urban areas, and communities play a crucial role in suicide prevention. This study explores community-based suicide prevention using a qualitative research design. Semi-structured interviews and focus groups asked participants to explore community-based suicide prevention in the context of rural Australia. Participants recruited ((n = 37; ages 2972, Mean = 46, SD = 9.56); female 62.2%; lived experience 48.6%) were self-identified experts, working in rural community-based suicide prevention (community services, program providers, research, and policy development) around Australia. Data were thematically analysed, identifying three themes relating to community-based suicide prevention: (i) Community led initiatives; (ii) Meeting community needs; and (iii) Programs to improve health and suicidality. Implementing community-based suicide prevention needs community-level engagement and partnerships, including with community leaders; gatekeepers; community members; people with lived experience; services; and professionals, to "get stuff done". Available resources and social capital are utilised, with co-created interventions reflecting diverse lifestyles, beliefs, norms, and cultures. The definition of "community", community needs, issues, and solutions need to be identified by communities themselves. Primarily non-clinical programs address determinants of health and suicidality and increase community awareness of suicide and its prevention, and the capacity to recognise and support people at risk. This study shows how community-based suicide prevention presents as a social innovation approach, seeing suicide as a social phenomenon, with community-based programs as the potential driver of social change, equipping communities with the "know how" to implement, monitor, and adjust community-based programs to fit community needs.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Suicide prevention
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Public health
Research Field:Public health not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Provision of health and support services
Objective Field:Mental health services
UTAS Author:Grattidge, L (Mrs Laura Grattidge)
UTAS Author:Hoang, H (Dr Ha Hoang)
UTAS Author:Mond, J (Dr Jon Mond)
UTAS Author:Lees, D (Dr David Lees)
UTAS Author:Visentin, D (Dr Denis Visentin)
UTAS Author:Auckland, S (Mr Stuart Auckland)
ID Code:155195
Year Published:2023
Deposited By:Nursing
Deposited On:2023-02-02
Last Modified:2023-02-02

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