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Unattained geometric configurations of secondary structure elements in protein structural space


Sykes, J and Holland, B and Charleston, M, Unattained geometric configurations of secondary structure elements in protein structural space, Journal of Structural Biology, 214 Article 107870. ISSN 1047-8477 (2022) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2022.107870


Discovery of new folds in the Protein Data Bank (PDB) has all but ceased. This could be viewed as evidence that all existing protein folds have been documented. Sampling bias has, however, been presented as an alternative explanation. Furthermore, although we may know of all protein folds that do exist, we may not have documented all protein folds that could exist. While addressing completeness in the context of entire protein structures is extremely difficult, they can be simplified in a number of ways. One such simplification is presented: considering protein structures as a series of helices and sheets and analysing the geometric relationships between these successive secondary structure elements (SSEs) through torsion angles, lengths and distances. We aimed to find out whether all substructures that could be formed by triplets of these successive SSEs were represented in the PDB. When SSEs were defined with the assignment program Promotif, a gap was identified in the represented torsion angles of helix-strand-strand substructures. This was not present when SSEs were defined with an alternative assignment program with a smaller minimum SSE length, DSSP. We also looked at representing proteins as one-dimensional sequences of SSE types and searched for underrepresented motifs. Completely absent motifs occurred more often than expected at random. If a gap in SSE substructure space exists that could be filled or if a physically possible SSE motif is absent, associated gaps in protein structure space are implied, meaning that the PDB as we know it may not be complete.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:secondary structure, protein folds, protein structural space, secondary structure assignment
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Biochemistry and cell biology
Research Field:Structural biology (incl. macromolecular modelling)
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences
UTAS Author:Sykes, J (Ms Janan Sykes)
UTAS Author:Holland, B (Professor Barbara Holland)
UTAS Author:Charleston, M (Professor Michael Charleston)
ID Code:155158
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Mathematics
Deposited On:2023-01-31
Last Modified:2023-02-01

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