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Serum leptin levels in patients with chronic kidney disease and hypertensive heart disease: An observational cross‐sectional study

Citation

Ofori, EK and Adekena, CN and Boima, V and Asare-Anane, H and Yorke, E and Nyarko, ENY and Mohammed, BN and Quansah, E and Jayasinghe, SU and Amanquah, SD, Serum leptin levels in patients with chronic kidney disease and hypertensive heart disease: An observational cross‐sectional study, Health Science Reports, 6, (1) pp. 1-9. ISSN 2398-8835 (2023) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

2023 The Authors. Health Science Reports published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License, (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly sited.

DOI: doi:10.1002/hsr2.1053

Abstract

Background and Aim: Adipocytes secrete a peptide hormone called leptin, which plays a crucial role in controlling appetite and energy expenditure. Alterations in leptin concentrations are associated with CKD-related cardiovascular problems such as hypertensive heart disease (HHD). Despite the link, data on the precise function of leptin in people with CKD and HHD is scant.

Methods: An observational cross-sectional study involving a total of 108 participants (72 CKD patients with HHD and 36 healthy controls). Their demographic and anthropometric information was collected using a standardized questionnaire. Certain clinical measures such as blood pressure and body mass index (BMI) were assessed. Fasting blood samples were analyzed for levels of plasma glucose (FPG), lipids, creatinine, and leptin. Data were analyzed with SPSS v23.

Results: Leptin, FPG, creatinine and triglyceride levels were all significantly higher in CKD patients with HHD compared to controls (p < 0.01 for all). Furthermore, advanced CKD status (being in stage 5), having a 6-year diagnosis of HHD, being female, having a higher BMI, and elevation in levels of HDL and FPG contributed significantly to the variance in serum leptin levels in the case group (β = 0.37, 0.22, 0.19, 0.18, 0.27, 0.28; p < 0.05 for all). In the control group, the female gender had the biggest unique effect on circulating leptin levels, followed by BMI and eGFR (β = 0.71, 0.34, −0.22; p < 0.01 for all).

Conclusion: Patients with CKD who also had HHD reported considerably higher circulating leptin levels. Significantly higher blood leptin levels were shown to be associated with CKD stage 5 in the case group. These results are consistent with the role of leptin in the metabolic complexity seen in CKD patients. There needs to be more research into treatments that aim to lower leptin levels in CKD patients with HHD.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:BMI, chronic kidney disease, glomerular filtration rate, hypertension, leptin
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Clinical sciences
Research Field:Nephrology and urology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Provision of health and support services
Objective Field:Health surveillance
UTAS Author:Jayasinghe, SU (Dr Sisitha Jayasinghe)
ID Code:155148
Year Published:2023
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2023-01-31
Last Modified:2023-02-08
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