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Evaluation of salt tolerance of oat cultivars and the mechanism of adaptation to salinity

Citation

Zhang, M-X and Bai, R and Nan, M and Ren, W and Wang, C-M and Shabala, S, Evaluation of salt tolerance of oat cultivars and the mechanism of adaptation to salinity, Journal of Plant Physiology: Biochemistry, Physiology, Molecular Biology and Functional Biotechnology of Plants, 273 Article 153708. ISSN 0176-1617 (2022) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© 2022 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jplph.2022.153708

Abstract

Soil salinity is a threat to agricultural production worldwide. Oat (Avena sativa L.) is an irreplaceable crop in areas with fragile ecological conditions. However, there is a lack of research on salt tolerance evaluation of oat germplasm resources. Therefore, the purpose of this work was to evaluate the salt tolerance of oat cultivars and investigate the mechanism of salt-tolerant oat cultivarsí adaptation to salinity. Salt tolerance of 100 oat cultivars was evaluated, and then two salt-tolerant cultivars and two salt-sensitive cultivars were used to compare their physiological responses and expression patterns of Na+- and K+-transport-related genes under salinity. Principal component analysis and membership function analysis had good predictability for salt tolerance evaluation of oat and other crops. The 100 oat cultivars were clustered into three categories, with three salt tolerance levels. Under saline condition, salt-tolerant cultivars maintained higher growth rate, leaf cell membrane integrity, and osmotic adjustment capability via enhancing the activities of antioxidant enzymes and accumulating more osmotic regulators. Furthermore, salt-tolerant cultivars had stronger capability to restrict root Na + uptake through reducing AsAKT1 and AsHKT2;1 expression, exclude more Na+ from root through increasing AsSOS1 expression, compartmentalize more Na + into root vacuoles through increasing AsNHX1 and AsVATP-P1 expression, and absorb more K+ through increasing AsKUP1 expression, compared with salt-sensitive cultivars. The evaluation procedure developed in this work can be applied for screening cereal crop cultivars with higher salt tolerance, and the elucidated mechanism of oat adaptation to salinity lays a foundation for identifying more functional genes related to salt tolerance.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:salinity; stress; oat; sodium; potassium
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Crop and pasture production
Research Field:Crop and pasture biochemistry and physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Grains and seeds
Objective Field:Grains and seeds not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Shabala, S (Professor Sergey Shabala)
ID Code:155145
Year Published:2022
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:Agriculture and Food Systems
Deposited On:2023-01-30
Last Modified:2023-03-22
Downloads:0

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