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Standard wave scatter table limitation for evaluating SGISC based on hindcast data analysis


Mangalathu Raj, S and Enshaei, H and Abdussamie, N, Standard wave scatter table limitation for evaluating SGISC based on hindcast data analysis, Applied Sciences, 13, (2) Article 1181. ISSN 2076-3417 (2023) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.3390/app13021181


The operational measure (OM) of the Second-Generation Intact Stability Criteria (SGISC) is the initial step toward the design of a performance-based dynamic stability assessment of the ship by considering the vesselís operation, loading condition and weather parameters. The SGISC recommends the standard wave scatter table (WST) for the environmental data, an indefinite requirement for a simplified assessment pathway, which provides the probability of wave occurrence. The existing standard WST was developed based on the North Atlantic Ocean. The study aims to identify the discrepancy in the probability of wave occurrence in the IMO-recommended WST when compared with developed hindcast WST for smaller regions of the North Atlantic Ocean for the application of the SGISC. This study is one of a kind and very significant, given that the assessment using the standard WST provided unrestricted operational ability to ship under the SGISC. The findings of this research provide insights into significant differences in the existing standard WST when compared graphically with hindcast data, especially across different seasons of the North Atlantic Ocean. A case study of OMs on the C11 class post-Panamax container ship for excessive acceleration is provided to better represent the study. In the case study, the operational limitation defined by the hindcast WST for individual sea areas and seasons is compared with the standard WST. This investigation shows that regional and seasonal operational limitations are required for season 4 operation beyond the standard WST safety estimation and that the operational limitation achieved with standard WST is not adequate. The findings suggest that the identified limitations significantly limit the use of a standard WST for unrestricted operational validation in the SGISC. The provided recommendation is very relevant in improving the safety assessment using vulnerability criteria, given that the hindcast data are reliable and available for the season and are also region-specific, and hence the accuracy of the ship stability can be improved while using the SGISC.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:wave scatter table, vulnerability criteria, operational measures, second-generation intact stability criteria, hindcast wave scatter table, hindcast data, dynamic ship stability
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Maritime engineering
Research Field:Ocean engineering
Objective Division:Transport
Objective Group:Water transport
Objective Field:Water safety
UTAS Author:Mangalathu Raj, S (Mr Samuel Mangalathu Raj)
UTAS Author:Enshaei, H (Dr Hossein Enshaei)
UTAS Author:Abdussamie, N (Dr Nagi Abdussamie)
ID Code:155033
Year Published:2023
Deposited By:Seafaring and Maritime Operations
Deposited On:2023-01-24
Last Modified:2023-01-25

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