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Operation of T-Foils and stern tabs to Improve passenger comfort on High-speed ferries


Davis, MR, Operation of T-Foils and stern tabs to Improve passenger comfort on High-speed ferries, Journal of Ship Research, 66, (4) pp. 277-296. ISSN 0022-4502 (2022) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.5957/JOSR.07200047


High-speed ferries of around 100mlength cruising at around 40 knots can cause significant passenger discomfort in head waves. This is due to the frequencies of encountering waves, of maximum hull response to encountered waves and of maximum passenger discomfort all falling within a similar range. In this paper, the benefit obtained by fitting active T-foils and stern tabs to control heave and pitch in head waves is considered. Ship motion responses are computed by numerical integration in the time domain including unsteady control actions using a time domain, high-speed strip theory. This obviates the need to identify transfer functions, the computed time responses including nonlinear hull immersion terms. The largest passenger vertical accelerations occur at forward locations and are best controlled by a forward located T-foil acting in combination with active stern tabs. Various feedback control algorithms have been considered and it is found that pitch damping control gives the greatest improvement in passenger comfort at forward positions. Operation in adaptive and nonlinear modes so that the control deflections are maximized under all conditions give the greatest benefit and can reduce passenger motion sickness incidence (MSI) by up to 25% in a 3-mhead sea on the basis of International Organization for Standardization (ISO) recommendations for calculation of MSI for a 90-minute seaway passage.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:High speed ships, wave response, passenger comfort
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Materials engineering
Research Field:Elemental semiconductors
Objective Division:Transport
Objective Group:Water transport
Objective Field:Domestic passenger water transport (e.g. ferries)
UTAS Author:Davis, MR (Professor Michael Davis)
ID Code:154785
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Engineering
Deposited On:2023-01-07
Last Modified:2023-01-10

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