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Fatty acid profiles of more than 470 marine species from the Southern Hemisphere


Nichols, PD and Pethybridge, HR and Zhang, B and Virtue, P and Meyer, L and Dhurmeea, Z and Marcus, L and Ericson, JA and Hellessey, N and Every, S and Wheatley, K and Parrish, CC and Eisenmann, P and Baylis, AMM and Bradshaw, CJA and Bierwagen, SL and Young, JW and Couturier, LIE and Rohner, CA and Gross, J and Waugh, C and Phleger, CF and Jackson, C and Jackson, G and Huveneers, C and Nash, SB and Brock, M and Mansour, P, Fatty acid profiles of more than 470 marine species from the Southern Hemisphere, Ecology, 104, (1) Article e3888. ISSN 0012-9658 (2022) [Refereed Article]

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2022 The Ecological Society of America.

DOI: doi:10.1002/ecy.3888


Lipid and fatty acid datasets are commonly used to assess the nutritional composition of organisms, trophic ecology, and ecosystem dynamics. Lipids and their fatty acid constituents are essential nutrients to all forms of life because they contribute to biological processes such as energy flow and metabolism. Assessment of total lipids in tissues of organisms provides information on energy allocation and life-history strategies and can be an indicator of nutritional condition. The analysis of an organism's fatty acids is a widely used technique for assessing nutrient and energy transfer, and dietary interactions in food webs. Although there have been many published regional studies that assessed lipid and fatty acid compositions, many only report the mean values of the most abundant fatty acids. There are limited individual records available for wider use in intercomparison or macro-scale studies. This dataset consists of 4856 records of individual and pooled samples of at least 470 different marine consumer species sampled from tropical, temperate, and polar regions around Australia and in the Southern, Indian, and Pacific Oceans from 1989 to 2018. This includes data for a diverse range of taxa (zooplankton, fish, cephalopods, chondrichthyans, and marine mammals), size ranges (0.02cm to ~13m), and that cover a broad range of trophic positions (2.04.6). When known, we provide a record of species name, date of sampling, sampling location, body size, relative (%) measurements of tissue-specific total lipid content and abundant fatty acids, and absolute content (mg 100 g−1 tissue) of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n3) as important long-chain (≥C20) polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids. These records form a solid basis for comparative studies that will facilitate a broad understanding of the spatial and temporal distribution of marine lipids globally. The dataset also provides reference data for future dietary assessments of marine predators and model assessments of potential impacts of climate change on the availability of marine lipids and fatty acids. There are 480 data records within our data file for which the providers have requested that permission for reuse be granted, with the likely condition that they are included as a coauthor on the reporting of the dataset. Records with this condition are indicated by a "yes" under "Conditions_of_data_use" in Data S1: Marineconsumer_FAdata.csv (see Table 2 in Metadata S1 for more details). For all other data records marked as "No" under "Conditions_of_data_use," there are no copyright restrictions for research and/or teaching purposes. We request that users acknowledge use of the data in publications, research proposals, websites, and other outlets via formal citation of this work and original data sources as applicable.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:fatty acids, crustaceans, ecology, fish, food web, lipids, marine consumers, nutritional composition, seafood, squid, trophodynamics
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Marine biodiversity
UTAS Author:Nichols, PD (Dr Peter Nichols)
UTAS Author:Zhang, B (Miss Bowen Zhang)
UTAS Author:Virtue, P (Associate Professor Patti Virtue)
UTAS Author:Marcus, L (Ms Lara Marcus)
UTAS Author:Ericson, JA (Ms Jessica Ericson)
UTAS Author:Hellessey, N (Miss Nicole Hellessey)
UTAS Author:Wheatley, K (Dr Kathryn Wheatley)
UTAS Author:Jackson, C (Mrs Christine Jackson)
ID Code:154490
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2022-12-05
Last Modified:2023-01-25

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