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Global fishing between jurisdictions with unequal fisheries management

Citation

Klein, CJ and Kuempel, CD and Watson, RA and Teneva, L and Coll, M and Mora, C, Global fishing between jurisdictions with unequal fisheries management, Environmental Research Letters, 17, (11) Article 114004. ISSN 1748-9326 (2022) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

2022 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.(CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac97ab

Abstract

The demand for seafood is increasing globally and is being met, in some cases, by unsustainable fishing practices. When a country fishes outside of its jurisdiction, any negative social and environmental impacts associated with fishing are displaced to the fished location and may not be compensated. This is particularly problematic when a country fishes in jurisdictions with poorer, less-effective, fisheries management than itself (henceforth 'unequal displacement'). Using two different indices for national fisheries management effectiveness, we calculated unequal displacement of wild-capture seafood globally. We found that up to 23% (19.8 Mt) of seafood was unequally displaced annually between 1976-2015, most of which was caught in the high seas. During the period that the management effectiveness data is most accurate (2007-2011), almost all 172 countries unequally displace seafood (n=123), but a few are responsible for the majority (China, India, Japan, Norway, Russia, Republic of Korea, Spain, Taiwan, Thailand). Achieving both sustainable food provision and ocean health requires improving international fishing and trade policies targeted at these countries to encourage the reduction of unequal seafood displacement.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:seafood, overfishing, fisheries management
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries sciences
Research Field:Fisheries management
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - wild caught
Objective Field:Fisheries - wild caught not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Watson, RA (Professor Reginald Watson)
ID Code:154433
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Fisheries and Aquaculture
Deposited On:2022-11-30
Last Modified:2022-12-06
Downloads:4 View Download Statistics

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