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Graduate nurses' capability upon entering the workforce: An integrative review


Saghafi, F and Bromley, P and Guzys, D and Harkness, L and Phillips, M and Mather, C and Saunders, A and Say, R and Teare, C and Tori, K, Graduate nurses' capability upon entering the workforce: An integrative review, Nurse Education Today, 121 pp. 1-9. ISSN 0260-6917 (2023) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2022.105659


Objectives: To clarify capability for work readiness in newly graduated registered nurses as viewed from the perspective of clinicians in practice, educators in tertiary institutions, and graduates.

Design: Integrative review.

Data sources: Databases searched for peer-reviewed studies included PubMed, MEDLINE, ERIC, Campbell collaboration, Google Scholar, and Cochrane databases.

Review methods: Pragmatism informed this integrative review. The five-stage method described by Whittemore and Knafl was used to enable rigorous examination of the expected capability of graduate nurses. A comprehensive database search was conducted using PRISMA guidelines. Eighteen articles were appraised and analysed for this review. The capability concept was used as a framework for analysis.

Results: Eighteen articles met the inclusion criteria. Findings revealed that although there is no definition for graduate nurses' work readiness, there is a common theme. Graduate nurses are expected to have broad theoretical knowledge (knowing) along with practical knowledge (doing). They are also expected to demonstrate integrity, honesty, respect, compassion, and a moral compass. A list of personal attributes and organisational acumen was also reflective of graduate readiness upon entering the workforce and identified as necessary capabilities for graduates.

Conclusions: A picture of the perfect employee is illustrated in the definition of work readiness by the participants of the original studies. Yet there is a lack of stakeholder consensus on the capabilities expected from a graduate nurse.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:capability, competence, graduate nurse, integrative review, nurse, work readiness
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Nursing
Research Field:Nursing workforce
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Provision of health and support services
Objective Field:Nursing
UTAS Author:Saghafi, F (Dr Farida Saghafi)
UTAS Author:Bromley, P (Ms Patricia Bromley)
UTAS Author:Guzys, D (Ms Diana Guzys)
UTAS Author:Harkness, L (Ms Leigh Harkness)
UTAS Author:Phillips, M (Mrs Michelle Phillips)
UTAS Author:Mather, C (Dr Carey Mather)
UTAS Author:Saunders, A (Ms Annette Saunders)
UTAS Author:Say, R (Mr Richard Say)
UTAS Author:Teare, C (Mrs Catherine Teare)
UTAS Author:Tori, K (Associate Professor Kathleen Tori)
ID Code:154354
Year Published:2023
Deposited By:Australian Institute of Health Service Management
Deposited On:2022-11-24
Last Modified:2023-01-06

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