eCite Digital Repository

Gender differences in reading and numeracy achievement across the school years


Thomas, DP and Hopwood, Belinda and Hatisaru, V and Hicks, D, Gender differences in reading and numeracy achievement across the school years, The Australian Educational Researcher ISSN 0311-6999 (2022) [Refereed Article]

PDF (Online First)

Copyright Statement

© 2022 The Author(s). Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1007/s13384-022-00583-8


Developing students’ reading and numeracy skills remain key goals of contemporary schooling. In Australia, the National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) tests have assessed these skills since 2008. Previous research found a significant gender gap in favour of females for the NAPLAN writing test, yet no study has examined whether gender gaps exist for reading and numeracy or their developmental pattern across the school years. Given the educational and public interest in NAPLAN and its considerable costs, it is important to understand what these tests reveal about student outcomes. The paper presents the first investigation of patterns of male and female student achievement on the NAPLAN reading and numeracy tests from 2008 to 2021. It applies the equivalent year level technique to explain the pedagogical significance of NAPLAN achievement and compares the findings with the writing gender gap to present a fuller picture of male and female achievement.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:assessment, gender, standardised testing, reading, numeracy, NAPLAN literacy, writing, reading, spelling ,grammar, gender
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Curriculum and pedagogy
Research Field:English and literacy curriculum and pedagogy (excl. LOTE, ESL and TESOL)
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Teaching and curriculum
Objective Field:Pedagogy
UTAS Author:Thomas, DP (Dr Damon Thomas)
UTAS Author:Hopwood, Belinda (Ms Belinda Hopwood)
UTAS Author:Hatisaru, V (Dr Vesife Hatisaru)
UTAS Author:Hicks, D (Dr David Hicks)
ID Code:154193
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2022-11-08
Last Modified:2023-01-18
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page