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Analogous relationship between international rankings by entrepreneurship and Human Development Indexes


Narendranathan, M and Narendran, R, Analogous relationship between international rankings by entrepreneurship and Human Development Indexes, International Journal of Business and Economics, 22 pp. 167-180. ISSN 1607-0704 (In Press) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2022 International Journal of Business and Economics (IJBE)


This study empirically examines the hypothesis of equality of the measures of entrepreneurship and human development by evaluating the Global Entrepreneurship Index (GEI) and the Human Development Index (HDI) for 2016 and 2017 through method comparison analysis. There were no systematic or proportional differences in the ranking of nations by the two measures. A validation analysis shows that the two indices are highly correlated identical predictors of other entrepreneurship variables. Thus, HDI can replace GEI as an entrepreneurship measure. Moreover, this study highlights issues in nations' rankings. The implication for policymakers is to exercise caution in interpreting such rankings and in evaluating policy effects by observing the changes in rankings over a period of time. Our study, which establishes a positive relationship between entrepreneurship and human development, emphasises the need for increasing the specificity of entrepreneurship measures, otherwise these indices become mere measures of human development.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Global Entrepreneurship Index; Human Development Index; ranking of nations by indices; Passing-Bablok regression; Bland-Altman analysis
Research Division:Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Research Group:Strategy, management and organisational behaviour
Research Field:Entrepreneurship
Objective Division:Economic Framework
Objective Group:Management and productivity
Objective Field:Industrial relations
UTAS Author:Narendran, R (Dr Roshni Narendran)
ID Code:153642
Year Published:In Press
Deposited By:Management
Deposited On:2022-09-29
Last Modified:2022-11-15

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