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Physical, policy, and sociocultural characteristics of the primary school environment are positively associated with children's physical activity during class time

Citation

Martin, K and Bremner, A and Salmon, J and Rosenberg, M and Giles-Corti, B, Physical, policy, and sociocultural characteristics of the primary school environment are positively associated with children's physical activity during class time, Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 11, (3) pp. 553-563. ISSN 1543-3080 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2014 Human Kinetics, Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1123/jpah.2011-0443

Abstract

Background: The objective of this study was to develop a multidomain model to identify key characteristics of the primary school environment associated with children's physical activity (PA) during class-time.

Methods: Accelerometers were used to calculate time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity during class-time (CMVPA) of 408 sixth-grade children (mean SD age 11.1 0.43 years) attending 27 metropolitan primary schools in Perth Western Australia. Child and staff self-report instruments and a school physical environment scan administered by the research team were used to collect data about children and the class and school environments. Hierarchical modeling identified key variables associated with CMVPA.

Results: The final multilevel model explained 49% of CMVPA. A physically active physical education (PE) coordinator, fitness sessions incorporated into PE sessions and either a trained PE specialist, classroom teacher or nobody coordinating PE in the school, rather than the deputy principal, were associated with higher CMVPA. The amount of grassed area per student and sporting apparatus on grass were also associated with higher CMVPA.

Conclusion: These results highlight the relevance of the school's sociocultural, policy and physical environments in supporting class-based PA. Interventions testing optimization of the school physical, sociocultural and policy environments to support physical activity are warranted.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:motor activity, physical education, health promotion, accelerometry
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Curriculum and pedagogy
Research Field:Curriculum and pedagogy not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Teaching and curriculum
Objective Field:Teaching and curriculum not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Martin, K (Professor Karen Martin)
ID Code:153589
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2022-09-27
Last Modified:2022-11-17
Downloads:0

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