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Maritime cybersecurity: are onboard systems ready?


Kanwal, K and Shi, W and Kontovas, C and Yang, Z and Chang, CH, Maritime cybersecurity: are onboard systems ready?, Maritime Policy and Management pp. 1-19. ISSN 0308-8839 (2022) [Refereed Article]


Recent maritime cybersecurity accidents reveal that shipping is facing increased exposure to cyber threats, especially due to the fast-growing digitalisation of the sector, leaving vessels and their onboard systems vulnerable to cyberattacks. This research aims at evaluating the relationship among the critical dimensions influencing cybersecurity performance in the maritime industry. To achieve this, six critical dimensions related to cybersecurity preparedness are first identified through literature review, namely 'regulations', 'company procedures' from a managerial perspective and 'shipboard systems readiness', 'training and awareness', 'human factor' and 'compliance monitoring' at an operation level. A Likert-scale questionnaire is designed and used to collect empirical data from 133 seafarers and shore-based staff. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) is applied to examine the causal relationships between the six dimensions and shipboard cybersecurity performance. The results show that 'regulations' positively influence shipping companies' cybersecurity-related 'procedures', which in turn positively affects 'shipboard systems readiness', 'training and awareness', and 'monitoring'. Further, 'training and awareness' positively influences the cybersecurity performance of ships. The results have profound implications for the shipping industry on how to strengthen their cyber practices in order to improve their cybersecurity performance. Recommendations for future academic research related to maritime cybersecurity are also provided.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Cybersecurity, maritime security, human factor, cybersecurity compliance monitoring, structural equation modelling
Research Division:Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Research Group:Transportation, logistics and supply chains
Research Field:Maritime transportation and freight services
Objective Division:Transport
Objective Group:Water transport
Objective Field:International sea freight transport (excl. live animals, food products and liquefied gas)
UTAS Author:Shi, W (Dr Wenming Shi)
ID Code:153469
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Maritime and Logistics Management
Deposited On:2022-09-17
Last Modified:2022-11-17

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