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COVID-19: A systems perspective on opportunities for better health outcomes


Morgan, MJ, COVID-19: A systems perspective on opportunities for better health outcomes, Geographical Research pp. 1-14. ISSN 1745-5863 (2022) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

2022. The Authors. Geographical Research published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Institute of Australian Geographers. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed.

DOI: doi:10.1111/1745-5871.12561


COVID-19 has disrupted social and spatial life. In this work, I argue that such disruption provides an opportunity for all tiers of government to reassess collective priorities and reorient societal goals to work towards better health outcomes for all. I offer a systems thinking perspective to show how societal goals such as economic growth are supported by "system rules" created by governments - the same rules largely responsible for prevailing inequities and preventable chronic, noncommunicable diseases and conditions. The work is significant because it shows how the disruption caused by COVID-19 changed deep system leverage points, highlighting places inside governmental systems susceptible and acceptable to change and revealing how systems can be reoriented. It draws on empirical data from one subnational jurisdiction of Australia. Specifically, in late 2020, 81 Tasmanian local government personnel shared views on diverse governmental changes made in response to the pandemic. Most participants wanted those changes to continue because of their net benefits to health and social, economic, and environmental outcomes more broadly. They expressed overwhelming support for actions to improve the social determinants of health and communicable and noncommunicable disease prevention and management. I conclude that unless such efforts for change continue, poor health outcomes and health inequities are likely to be exacerbated and argue that a shared systems goal to create a wellbeing economy could reorient systems to achieve better health outcomes for all.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:chronic noncommunicable diseases and conditions, COVID-19, local government, social determinants of health, systems thinking, wellbeing economy
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Public health
Research Field:Social determinants of health
Objective Division:Culture and Society
Objective Group:Other culture and society
Objective Field:Other culture and society not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Morgan, MJ (Ms Michelle Morgan)
ID Code:153334
Year Published:2022
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2022-09-14
Last Modified:2022-11-21
Downloads:3 View Download Statistics

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