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Altruism in paramedicine: a scoping review


Parker, JL and Prior, SJ and Van Dam, PJ and Edwards, DG, Altruism in paramedicine: a scoping review, Healthcare, 10, (9) Article 1731. ISSN 2227-9032 (2022) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

Copyright: 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.orglicenses/by/4.0/).

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DOI: doi:10.3390/healthcare10091731


While altruism has been studied in healthcare professions such as nursing and medicine, the exploration of the characteristics of altruism, as related to paramedicine and emergency care in Australia, is limited. This scoping review explores altruism in paramedicine from the perspective of the paramedic as practitioner, learner, and educator as seen through the lens of the paramedic and the patient. Also discussed is the positive impact of altruism on the patient experience of care. A scoping review was used to assess the availability of data related to altruism in paramedicine. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews was used to guide the process. Search categories were orientated around the subject (altruism) and discipline (paramedicine). A total of 27 articles are included in this scoping review. Initial searching identified 742 articles; after duplicate removal, 396 articles were screened with 346 excluded. Fifty articles were full-text reviewed and 23 excluded. The final 27 were extracted following full-text screening. None of the articles are specific to altruism in paramedicine. The data related to the practice of altruism in paramedicine are extremely limited. The preponderance of data arise from Europe and North America which, due to crewing and service differences, may impact the practice of altruism in different regions. Recent changes to the scope of paramedic practice, workload, education, and case acuity may influence behaviour regarding altruism, compassion, caring, and associated caring behaviours. The practice and education of paramedics including altruism, compassion, caring and caring behaviours in the Australasian setting warrants further research

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Paramedic, Altruism, Caring Sciences, Compassion, Professionalism
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Clinical sciences
Research Field:Paramedicine
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other health
Objective Field:Other health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Parker, JL (Ms Leigh Parker)
UTAS Author:Prior, SJ (Dr Sarah Prior)
UTAS Author:Van Dam, PJ (Dr Pieter Van Dam)
UTAS Author:Edwards, DG (Dr Dale Edwards)
ID Code:153171
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Paramedicine
Deposited On:2022-09-09
Last Modified:2022-11-14
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