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The comparison of two microextraction methods for the determination of safranal from Iranian saffron


Beiranvand, M and Ghiasvand, A, The comparison of two microextraction methods for the determination of safranal from Iranian saffron, Green Analytical Chemistry, 3 Article 100021. ISSN 2772-5774 (2022) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license ( )

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.greeac.2022.100021


In this study, safranal as the main component of the pleasant aroma of saffron was extracted and analyzed by two liquid-phase microextraction based methods, namely ultrasound-assisted emulsification microextraction and solidified floating organic drop microextraction. These methods are fast, simple, low-cost, environmentally friendly and efficient procedures that have been developed for the determination of safranal from aqueous samples. Extracted safranal was determined by high pressure liquid chromatography and the performance of the above mentioned methods was compared accurately. A narrow neck glass tube was used for the simple and rapid collection of the low-density organic phase from the sample surface after its centrifugation. A dynamic range over 0.1 to 5ug mL-1 of safranal and limit of detection of 20ng mL-1 were obtained for ultrasound-assisted emulsification microextraction. In addition, the dynamic range for solidified floating organic drop microextraction was between 0.02 to 5ug mL-1 as well as a limit of detection of 3ng mL-1 was obtained. Furthermore, the enrichment factor and recovery percent were 38 and 101+-4.6% in ultrasound-assisted emulsification microextraction besides 252 and 25.2+-5.8% in solidified floating organic drop microextraction. The applicability of the proposed methods was evaluated by the extraction and determination of safranal from different Iranian saffron samples and finally, the results were validated by the ISO 3632 procedure.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Safranal, USAEME, SFODME, HPLC/UV, ISO 3632, Iranian saffron
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Analytical chemistry
Research Field:Separation science
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
UTAS Author:Ghiasvand, A (Professor Alireza Ghiasvand)
ID Code:152990
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2022-08-31
Last Modified:2023-01-23
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