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Facial candling for the treatment of Allergic Rhinitis in young adults: A qualitative study


Ismail, NFF and Neoh, CF and Lean, QY and Abdullah, AH and Lim, SM and Ramasamy, K and Patel, RP and Ming, LC and Soh, YC, Facial candling for the treatment of Allergic Rhinitis in young adults: A qualitative study, Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences, 10, (4) pp. 199-207. ISSN 0976-4879 (2018) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

2018 Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences. Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow. This is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) License, ( which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.

DOI: doi:10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_33_18


Aims: Facial candling is one of the traditional treatments that is claimed to be able to help in curing or reducing various allergy and inflammation conditions such as allergic rhinitis. We aimed to explore the perceptions of participants with allergic rhinitis toward their disease conditions and facial candling treatment.

Materials and methods: The study used a qualitative exploratory design, comprising 12 in-depth interviews. A semi-structured topic guide was used to explore all relevant aspects of the topic, which were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim. All the interviews were conducted in a few beauty salons in purposively selected city areas in the state of Kedah, Malaysia.

Results: Of the 12 patients, seven (58%) reported a positive experience of facial candling treatment, with improvement in the condition of their allergic rhinitis. Specific themes about the experience of facial candling treatment that were identified within the transcript data included knowledge about facial candling, options for disease treatment, effectiveness of facial candling, sources of information, comparison, application of treatment, treatment budget, and safety. The major strength lies in the fact that reasons for using facial candling were uncovered from the perspectives of people with allergic rhinitis through the in-depth interviews.

Conclusions:: The motives of these participants for using facial candling are mainly due to cultural influence and its low cost of treatment. There were mixed responses from the participants about the usefulness of facial candling. Most of the respondents had not assessed the safety of prolonged use of facial candling and regarded it as a safe procedure as this has been practiced for generations.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Complementary medicine, ear nose and throat, face candling, inflammation, nasal blockage, otolaryngology, traditional medicine
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Dentistry
Research Field:Craniofacial biology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Evaluation of health and support services
Objective Field:Health system performance (incl. effectiveness of programs)
UTAS Author:Patel, RP (Dr Rahul Patel)
UTAS Author:Ming, LC (Dr Long Ming)
ID Code:152651
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2022-08-23
Last Modified:2022-11-17
Downloads:2 View Download Statistics

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