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Climate change impacts on China's marine ecosystems

Citation

Kang, B and Pecl, GT and Lin, L and Sun, P and Zhang, P and Li, Y and Zhao, L and Peng, X and Yan, Y and Shen, C and Niu, W, Climate change impacts on China's marine ecosystems, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 31, (3) pp. 599-629. ISSN 0960-3166 (2021) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021.

DOI: doi:10.1007/s11160-021-09668-6

Abstract

Globally, climate change impacts on marine ecosystems are evident in physical, chemical, and biological processes, and are generally more extensive in faster warming regions. China makes the largest contribution of any country to global fisheries production and has experienced severe declines in marine health and biodiversity, and so the current and potential impacts of marine climate change are a large concern for both fisheries and biodiversity. China also has marine regions warming in the top 10% globally, necessitating a thorough understanding of how marine systems are changing so that appropriate corresponding countermeasures can be identified and prioritized. Here, we review and collate what is currently understood about documented and projected responses of marine systems to climate change in Chinese coasts and oceans, from physical, biological, and ecological perspectives, through to impacts on key ecosystems. Our results show extensive change attributed to climate change throughout Chinese marine systems, including red tide bloom events that have been recorded an order of magnitude more frequently in recent decades. Ocean acidification has led to the increased mortality of marine calcifying organisms through effects on the biomineralization process and physiological functions. Moreover, many species have been documented undergoing extensive changes in geographic distribution, with potential implications for species interactions and trophic food webs, as well as important habitats like coral reefs, seagrass, and mangroves. Some constructive laws and actions have been introduced in response to these climate-driven changes, such as actions to reduce pollution and increase artificial propagation and replanting of habitat species, however, addressing the impacts of marine climate change remains a considerable and escalating challenge.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:China seas, climate change, environmental change, fisheries, habitat, threatened species
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Climate change impacts and adaptation
Research Field:Ecological impacts of climate change and ecological adaptation
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Understanding climate change not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Pecl, GT (Professor Gretta Pecl)
ID Code:152584
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Fisheries and Aquaculture
Deposited On:2022-08-22
Last Modified:2022-09-01
Downloads:0

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