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Elton Mayo and Thomas Henry Reeve Mathewson: the forgotten Australian pioneers of the treatment of patients with shell shock, neurasthenia and nervous breakdown

Citation

Ohry, A and Mathewson, M, Elton Mayo and Thomas Henry Reeve Mathewson: the forgotten Australian pioneers of the treatment of patients with shell shock, neurasthenia and nervous breakdown, History of Psychiatry, 33, (1) pp. 79-86. ISSN 0957-154X (2022) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright the authors 2012.

DOI: doi:10.1177/0957154X211047806

Abstract

The contributions of Australians on shell shock are absent from the literature. However, two Australians were pioneers in the treatment of shell shock: George Elton Mayo (1880-1949) and Dr Thomas Henry Reeve Mathewson (1881-1975). They used psychoanalytic approaches to treat psychiatric patients and introduced the psychoanalytic treatment of people who suffered from shell shock. Their 'talking cure' was highly successful and challenged the view that shell shock only occurred in men who were malingering and/or lacking in fortitude. Their work demonstrated that people experiencing mental illness could be treated in the community at a time when they were routinely treated as inpatients. It also exemplified the substantial benefits of combining science with clinical knowledge and skill in psychology and psychiatry.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Australia; Elton Mayo; Thomas Mathewson; neurasthenia; shell shock
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Other psychology
Research Field:Other psychology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Culture and Society
Objective Group:Heritage
Objective Field:Heritage not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Mathewson, M (Dr Mandy Matthewson)
ID Code:152539
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2022-08-21
Last Modified:2022-09-20
Downloads:0

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