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Is lithium biologically an important or toxic element to living organisms? An overview


Shahzad, B and Mughal, MN and Tanveer, M and Gupta, D and Abbas, G, Is lithium biologically an important or toxic element to living organisms? An overview, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24, (1) pp. 103-115. ISSN 0944-1344 (2017) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

DOI: doi:10.1007/s11356-016-7898-0


Industrialized world is exposing living organisms to different chemicals and metals such as lithium (Li). Due to their use in common household items to industrial applications, it is imperative to examine their bioavailability. Lithium belongs to the group IA and also has wider uses such as in batteries, air conditioners to atomic reactors. Lithium occurs naturally in soil and water, mostly at low concentrations, and enters the food chain. It is not one of the essential minerals though various studies indicate that low levels of Li have beneficial effects on living organisms, whereas high levels expose them to toxicity and related detrimental effects. This review suggests that Li could be biologically important to living organism depending upon its concentration/exposure. Little is known about its biological importance and molecular understanding of its accumulation and mode of action, which might have future implications for Li's long-term effects on living organisms.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Biology, food chain, metal, lithium, living, organism
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant biochemistry
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences
UTAS Author:Tanveer, M (Mr Mohsin Tanveer)
ID Code:152525
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:57
Deposited By:Research Performance and Analysis
Deposited On:2022-08-20
Last Modified:2022-09-02

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