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The role of environmental exposure to non-cigarette smoke in lung disease


KC, R and Shukla, Shakti D and Gautam, SS and Hansbro, Philip M and O'Toole, RF, The role of environmental exposure to non-cigarette smoke in lung disease, Clinical and Translational Medicine, 7, (1) pp. 1-12. ISSN 2001-1326 (2018) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 The Authors Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1186/s40169-018-0217-2


Chronic exposure to household indoor smoke and outdoor air pollution is a major contributor to global morbidity and mortality. The majority of these deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. Children, women, the elderly and people with underlying chronic conditions are most affected. In addition to reduced lung function, children exposed to biomass smoke have an increased risk of developing lower respiratory tract infections and asthma-related symptoms. In adults, chronic exposure to biomass smoke, ambient air pollution, and opportunistic exposure to fumes and dust are associated with an increased risk of developing chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer and respiratory infections, including tuberculosis. Here, we review the evidence of prevalence of COPD in people exposed to non-cigarette smoke. We highlight mechanisms that are likely involved in biomass-smoke exposure-related COPD and other lung diseases. Finally, we summarize the potential preventive and therapeutic strategies for management of COPD induced by non-cigarette smoke exposure.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Non-cigarette smoke, Biomass smoke, Occupational exposure, Air pollution, Lung disease, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Public health
Research Field:Health promotion
Objective Division:Construction
Objective Group:Environmentally sustainable construction activities
Objective Field:Environmentally sustainable construction activities not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:KC, R (Dr Rajendra KC)
UTAS Author:Gautam, SS (Mr Sanjay Gautam)
UTAS Author:O'Toole, RF (Dr Ronan O'Toole)
ID Code:152438
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:34
Deposited By:School of Medicine
Deposited On:2022-08-19
Last Modified:2022-09-15
Downloads:3 View Download Statistics

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