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Combating dual challenges in maize under high planting density: stem lodging and kernel abortion

Citation

Shah, AN and Tanveer, M and Abbas, A and Yildirim, M and Shah, AA and Ahmad, MI and Wang, Z and Sun, W and Song, Y, Combating dual challenges in maize under high planting density: stem lodging and kernel abortion, Frontiers in Plant Science, 12 Article 699085. ISSN 1664-462X (2021) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2021 The Author(s) Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.3389/fpls.2021.699085

Abstract

High plant density is considered a proficient approach to increase maize production in countries with limited agricultural land; however, this creates a high risk of stem lodging and kernel abortion by reducing the ratio of biomass to the development of the stem and ear. Stem lodging and kernel abortion are major constraints in maize yield production for high plant density cropping; therefore, it is very important to overcome stem lodging and kernel abortion in maize. In this review, we discuss various morphophysiological and genetic characteristics of maize that may reduce the risk of stem lodging and kernel abortion, with a focus on carbohydrate metabolism and partitioning in maize. These characteristics illustrate a strong relationship between stem lodging resistance and kernel abortion. Previous studies have focused on targeting lignin and cellulose accumulation to improve lodging resistance. Nonetheless, a critical analysis of the literature showed that considering sugar metabolism and examining its effects on lodging resistance and kernel abortion in maize may provide considerable results to improve maize productivity. A constructive summary of management approaches that could be used to efficiently control the effects of stem lodging and kernel abortion is also included. The preferred management choice is based on the genotype of maize; nevertheless, various genetic and physiological approaches can control stem lodging and kernel abortion. However, plant growth regulators and nutrient application can also help reduce the risk for stem lodging and kernel abortion in maize.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:kernel abortion, maize, lodging, sugar metabolism, management, stem lodging, field management, grain yield
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Crop and pasture production
Research Field:Crop and pasture biochemistry and physiology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences
UTAS Author:Tanveer, M (Mr Mohsin Tanveer)
ID Code:151887
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Agriculture and Food Systems
Deposited On:2022-08-08
Last Modified:2022-09-07
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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