eCite Digital Repository

Unpicking the gender gap: examining Socio-Demographic factors and repair resources in clothing repair practice


McQueen, RH and McNeill, LS and Huang, Q and Potdar, B, Unpicking the gender gap: examining Socio-Demographic factors and repair resources in clothing repair practice, Recycling, 7, (53) pp. 1-15. ISSN 2313-4321 (2022) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://

DOI: doi:10.3390/recycling7040053


Increased fashion consumption spurred by fast fashion has led to excessive textile waste, giving rise to a global crisis as textile waste pollutes land and waterways, while landfill and incineration contribute to global greenhouse gas emissions. Extending a product’s life for as long as possible is a core principle of the circular economy (CE) to ensure that the maximum value of the original product is realized over its lifetime. As such, repair is an essential component of a CE because it supports the preferred waste hierarchy elements of reduce and reuse, with recycling being the last resort in a CE necessary to close resource loops. Consumers are an essential enabler of a CE; therefore, it is critical to understand consumers’ characteristics in the context of behaviors such as repair. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of gender on engagement in clothing repair practices; women have often only been the focus of clothing repair studies. An online survey was conducted to collect responses from Canadian and U.S. consumers (n = 512). Findings showed that self-repair was the most common form of clothing repair, with women being more highly engaged in self-repair practices, increasing with age. Paid repair is the type of repair that has the lowest level of engagement, and there are only negligible differences between the genders. Men utilize unpaid forms of repair more than women. However, among the youngest age group (18–24), both genders are equally likely to have clothing repaired for free. Gender gaps exist, but opportunities for increased utilization in repair can be created to encourage full participation within a CE. In particular, the findings point to the importance of increasing repair activities amongst men and younger consumers.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:clothing, repair, repair resources, gender, waste hierarchy, circular economy
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Environmental engineering
Research Field:Waste management, reduction, reuse and recycling
Objective Division:Commercial Services and Tourism
Objective Group:Water and waste services
Objective Field:Water and waste services not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Potdar, B (Dr Balkrushna Potdar)
ID Code:151877
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Marketing
Deposited On:2022-08-06
Last Modified:2022-09-05
Downloads:2 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page