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Geochemical characteristics of pyrite in the Dabaozhuang deposit in the Middle-Lower Yangtze River Metallogenic Belt, Eastern China

Citation

Liu, Y and Fan, Y and Zhou, T and Wang, J and Fu, B and Ireland, TR and White, NC and Zhang, LJ, Geochemical characteristics of pyrite in the Dabaozhuang deposit in the Middle-Lower Yangtze River Metallogenic Belt, Eastern China, Ore Geology Reviews: Journal for Comprehensive Studies of Ore Genesis and Ore Exploration, 124 Article 103662. ISSN 0169-1368 (2020) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.oregeorev.2020.103662

Abstract

Dabaozhuang is a pyrite deposit in the Luzong Volcanic Basin, Eastern China, and has similar exhalation-sedimentary features to volcanic massive sulfide deposits (VMS), which commonly form in seawater. To better understand the ore-forming process of this special type of deposit, we employed SHRIMP-SI and LA-ICP MS to measure sulfur isotope and trace element compositions of anhydrite and four types of pyrite from the Dabaozhuang deposit. SHRIMP in situ sulfur isotope analysis indicates a narrow range in δ34S of anhydrite, 21.021.7, and variable ranges for pyrite, 9.910.7, for pyrite vein in the deep (Py I); −9.2 to 2.0, for cyclic annular and oval-shaped pyrite in massive ore (Py II); 3.15.3, for massive or disseminated pyrite in the footwall tuff and hematite (Py III); and −29.7 to 30.4, for euhedral and coarse pyrite in the carbonate cement (Py IV). δ33S and δ36S in four types of pyrite have no abnormal values, indicating that sulfur isotope fractionation is mainly controlled by thermochemical sulfate reduction (TSR). The higher δ34S values in type I pyrite and anhydrite indicate a mixing process of magmatic fluid and evaporates at depth. Py II and IV have negative δ34S data, indicating the formation temperature of pyrite decreases because of the mixing of lake water. δ34S values in Py III are close to magmatic sulfur, which shows the igneous sulfur (tuff) is an important sulfur source for the disseminated mineralization. Cobalt and Ni content also show that the formation temperature of Py I is highest, and Py IV is lowest. This research indicates that the "VMS-like" deposits could be formed in continental volcanic lakes and are genetically related to SO42−-rich IOA (iron oxide-apatite) deposits.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Pyrite, mineralisation, formation temperature, sulfur isotope analysis, thermochemical sulfur reduction
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geochemistry
Research Field:Geochemistry not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Mineral Resources (Excl. Energy Resources)
Objective Group:Other mineral resources (excl. energy resources)
Objective Field:Other mineral resources (excl. energy resources) not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:White, NC (Professor Noel White)
UTAS Author:Zhang, LJ (Dr Lejun Zhang)
ID Code:151853
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:CODES ARC
Deposited On:2022-08-05
Last Modified:2022-09-01
Downloads:0

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