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Women in the midluteal phase of the menstrual cycle have difficulty suppressing the processing of negative emotional stimuli: An event-related potential study

Citation

Lusk, BR and Carr, AR and Ranson, VA and Felmingham, KL, Women in the midluteal phase of the menstrual cycle have difficulty suppressing the processing of negative emotional stimuli: An event-related potential study, Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 17, (4) pp. 886-903. ISSN 1530-7026 (2017) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.3758/s13415-017-0520-1

Abstract

Emotion regulation deficits have been implicated in anxiety and depressive disorders, and these internalising disorders are more prevalent in women than men. Few electrophysiological studies have investigated sex differences in emotional reactivity and emotion regulation controlling for menstrual phase. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 28 early follicular women, 29 midluteal women, and 27 men who completed an emotion regulation task. A novel finding of increased N2 amplitude during suppression was found for midluteal women compared with men. These findings suggest midluteal women may be significantly less able to suppress cortical processing of negative stimuli compared to men. This ERP finding was complemented by behavioral ratings data which revealed that while both early follicular and midluteal women reported more distress than men, midluteal women also reported greater effort when suppressing their responses than men. P1 and N1 components were increased in midluteal women compared to men regardless of instructional set, suggesting greater early attentional processing. No sex or menstrual phase differences were apparent in P3 or LPP. This study underscores the importance of considering menstrual phase when examining sex differences in the cortical processing of emotion regulation and demonstrates that midluteal women may have deficits in down-regulating their neural and behavioural responses.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:attention bias, emotion regulation, event-related potential, menstrual cycle, midluteal phase, sex differences
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Cognitive and computational psychology
Research Field:Learning, motivation and emotion
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in psychology
UTAS Author:Carr, AR (Associate Professor Andrea Carr)
UTAS Author:Ranson, VA (Ms Val Ranson)
ID Code:151788
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:11
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2022-08-04
Last Modified:2022-08-04
Downloads:0

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