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Trends in abdominal obesity among Chinese children and adolescents, 1993-2015

Citation

Ma, S and Hou, D and Zhang, Y and Yang, L and Sun, J and Zhao, M and Magnussen, CG and Xi, B, Trends in abdominal obesity among Chinese children and adolescents, 1993-2015, Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, 34, (2) pp. 163-169. ISSN 0334-018X (2021) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1515/jpem-2020-0461

Abstract

Objectives: The prevalence of general overweight and obesity defined by body mass index criteria has greatly increased in Chinese children and adolescents in recent decades. However, few studies have considered the trend in abdominal obesity in Chinese children and adolescents. This study aimed to examine the secular trends in waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and the prevalence of abdominal obesity among Chinese children and adolescents aged 6-17 years from 1993 to 2015.

Methods: A total of 11,985 children and adolescents aged 6-17 years participated in the China Health and Nutrition Survey, a continuous cross-sectional survey, conducted from 1993 to 2015. Abdominal obesity was defined as WC≥age- and sex-specific 90th percentile based on the reference from Chinese children and adolescents or WHtR≥0.50.

Results: After adjustment for age, sex and region, mean WC increased from 60.27 cm in 1993 to 64.31 cm in 2015 (p for trend <0.001), and mean WHtR increased from 0.430 to 0.434 (p for trend <0.05). The prevalence of abdominal obesity defined by WC reference increased from 5.0% in 1993 to 19.3% in 2015 and defined by WHtR reference increased from 6.4% in 1993 to 14.5% in 2015 (p for trend <0.001).

Conclusions: The prevalence of abdominal obesity among Chinese children and adolescents aged 6-17 years has increased between 1993 and 2015.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Chinese, abdominal obesity, adolescents, children, trends
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Behavioural epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Evaluation of health and support services
Objective Field:Evaluation of health outcomes
UTAS Author:Magnussen, CG (Associate Professor Costan Magnussen)
ID Code:151691
Year Published:2021
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2022-08-03
Last Modified:2022-08-03
Downloads:0

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