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Reforming Professional Education: A Case of Cognitive Human Factor/Human Element in Shipping Industry


Emad, G, Reforming Professional Education: A Case of Cognitive Human Factor/Human Element in Shipping Industry, Advances in Human Factors in Training, Education, and Learning Sciences., Springer Nature, S Nazir, TZ Ahram, and W Karwowski (ed), Cham, Switzerland, pp. 183-189. ISBN 9783030799991 (2021) [Research Book Chapter]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2021 Springer Nature

DOI: doi:10.1007/978-3-030-80000-0


Historically, apprenticeship considered to be one of the main methods of educating newcomers for the world of work. Apprenticeship, as the learning method, appreciate the socio-technicality of the work processes by involving the newcomers in the practice under the supervision of an expert. During the last few decades, the responsibility of training the workforce has been gradually shifted from industry to the formal education sector. This resulted in many industries such as the maritime domain to abandon most of the opportunities of learning in their workplaces. This article by focusing on the shipping industry in the maritime domain, as an exemplary case, will provide an overview of the current condition of the workforce education as related to cognitive human factor/element and provide an alternative solution to its shortcomings. The article will provide an analysis of the current educational system in place and elaborates on the opportunities and shortcomings of the formal and informal educational component of the current maritime education and training system. By utilizing the current theoretical frameworks, the paper examines the conventional and emerging workplace learning opportunities and proposes the framework of quasi-communities as an alternative approach. The quasi-communities incorporates key elements of the apprenticeship method into teaching and learning in formal settings.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:cognitive human factor, apprenticeship, shipping industry, maritime education and training, seafaring, quasi-community, human element
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Education systems
Research Field:Higher education
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Learner and learning
Objective Field:Professional development and adult education
UTAS Author:Emad, G (Dr Reza Emad)
ID Code:151572
Year Published:2021
Deposited By:Seafaring and Maritime Operations
Deposited On:2022-08-01
Last Modified:2022-09-01

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