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Sarcoma epidemiology and cancer-related hospitalisation in Western Australia from 1982 to 2016: a descriptive study using linked administrative data


Wright, CM and Halkett, G and Carey Smith, R and Moorin, R, Sarcoma epidemiology and cancer-related hospitalisation in Western Australia from 1982 to 2016: a descriptive study using linked administrative data, BMC Cancer, 20 Article 625. ISSN 1471-2407 (2020) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

2020. The Authors. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License, (, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

DOI: doi:10.1186/s12885-020-07103-w


Background: Sarcomas are a heterogeneous group of malignancies arising from mesenchymal cells. Epidemiological studies on sarcoma from Australia are lacking, as previous studies have focused on a sarcoma type (e.g. soft tissue) or anatomical sites.

Methods: Linked cancer registry, hospital morbidity and death registration data were available for Western Australia (WA) from 1982 to 2016. All new sarcoma cases among WA residents were included to estimate incidence, prevalence, relative survival and cancer-related hospitalisation, using the Information Network on Rare Cancers (RARECARENet) definitions. To provide a reference point, comparisons were made with female breast, colorectal, prostate and lung cancers.

Results: For 2012-16, the combined sarcoma crude annual incidence was 7.3 per 100,000, with the majority of these soft tissue sarcoma (STS, incidence of 5.9 per 100,000). The age-standardised incidence and prevalence of STS increased over time, while bone sarcoma remained more stable. Five-year relative survival for the period 2012-16 for STS was 65% for STS (higher than lung cancer, but lower than prostate, female breast and colorectal cancers), while five-year relative survival was 71% for bone sarcoma. Cancer-related hospitalisations cost an estimated $(Australian) 29.1 million over the study period.

Conclusions: STS incidence has increased over time in WA, with an increasing proportion of people diagnosed aged ≥65 years. The analysis of health service use showed sarcoma had a lower mean episode of cancer-related hospitalisation compared to the reference cancers in 2016, but the mean cost per prevalent person was higher for sarcoma than for female breast, colorectal and prostate cancers.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:sarcoma, epidemiology, incidence, prevalence, survival
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Oncology and carcinogenesis
Research Field:Cancer diagnosis
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Wright, CM (Mr Cameron Wright)
ID Code:151462
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2022-07-29
Last Modified:2022-08-04
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