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Development and multi-criteria optimization of a solar thermal power plant integrated with PEM electrolyzer and thermoelectric generator


Alirahmi, SM and Assareh, E and Arabkoohsar, A and Yu, H and Hosseini, SM and Wang, A, Development and multi-criteria optimization of a solar thermal power plant integrated with PEM electrolyzer and thermoelectric generator, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 47, (57) pp. 23919-23934. ISSN 0360-3199 (2022) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2022 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2022.05.196


This study investigates a novel solar-driven energy system for co-generating power, hydrogen, oxygen, and hot water. In the proposed system, parabolic trough collectors (PTCs) are used as the heat source of cascaded power cycles, i.e., steam and organic Rankine cycles (SRC and ORC). While the electricity produced by the SRC is supplied to the grid, the energy output of the ORC is used to drive an electrolyzer for hydrogen production. In addition, the use of a thermoelectric generator (TEG) using heat rejected from the ORC condenser for supplying additional electricity to the electrolyzer is investigated. A multi-objective optimization based on the genetic algorithm approach is carried out to estimate the optimal results for the proposed system. The specific cost of the system product and exergy efficiency are the chosen objective parameters to be minimized and maximized, respectively. The results show that, for the optimal system with the TEG, the specific cost of the system product and the exergy efficiency are 30.2$/GJ and 21.9%, respectively, and the produced hydrogen rate is 2.906 kg/h. The results also show that using a TEG increases efficiency and reduces the specific cost of system product. For having the most realistic interpretation of the investigations, the performance of the proposed system is investigated for four cities in Khuzestan province in Iran.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:parabolic trough collector, steam rankine cycle, organic rankine cycle, thermoelectric generator, electrolyzer, hydrogen
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Mechanical engineering
Research Field:Energy generation, conversion and storage (excl. chemical and electrical)
Objective Division:Energy
Objective Group:Energy storage, distribution and supply
Objective Field:Energy systems and analysis
UTAS Author:Wang, A (Professor Xiaolin Wang)
ID Code:151436
Year Published:2022
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Engineering
Deposited On:2022-07-28
Last Modified:2022-09-20

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