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Challenges for restoration of coastal marine ecosystems in the Anthropocene


Abelson, A and Reed, DC and Edgar, GJ and Smith, CS and Kendrick, GA and Orth, RJ and Airoldi, L and Silliman, B and Beck, MW and Krause, G and Shashar, N and Stambler, N and Nelson, P, Challenges for restoration of coastal marine ecosystems in the Anthropocene, Frontiers in Marine Science, 7 Article 544105. ISSN 2296-7745 (2020) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2020 Abelson, Reed, Edgar, Smith, Kendrick, Orth, Airoldi, Silliman, Beck, Krause, Shashar, Stambler and Nelson. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License ( The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

DOI: doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.544105


Coastal marine ecosystems provide critical goods and services to humanity but many are experiencing rapid degradation. The need for effective restoration tools capable of promoting large-scale recovery of coastal ecosystems in the face of intensifying climatic stress has never been greater. We identify four major challenges for more effective implementation of coastal marine ecosystem restoration (MER): (1) development of effective, scalable restoration methods, (2) incorporation of innovative tools that promote climate adaptation, (3) integration of social and ecological restoration priorities, and (4) promotion of the perception and use of coastal MER as a scientifically credible management approach. Tackling these challenges should improve restoration success rates, heighten their recognition, and accelerate investment in and promotion of coastal MER. To reverse the accelerating decline of marine ecosystems, we discuss potential directions for meeting these challenges by applying coastal MER tools that are science-based and actionable. For coastal restoration to have a global impact, it must incorporate social science, technological and conceptual advances, and plan for future climate scenarios.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:restoration, marine habitats, environment, coastal marine ecosystems, social-ecological restoration, coral reefs, seagrass, mangrove, oyster reefs, kelp, saltmarshes
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Environmental rehabilitation and restoration
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Coastal and estuarine systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of coastal and estuarine ecosystems
UTAS Author:Edgar, GJ (Professor Graham Edgar)
ID Code:151044
Year Published:2020
Web of Science® Times Cited:22
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2022-07-13
Last Modified:2022-08-12
Downloads:5 View Download Statistics

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