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Development of a scale to measure the psychological resources of grit in adults


Schimschal, SE and Visentin, D and Kornhaber, R and Barnett, T and Cleary, M, Development of a scale to measure the psychological resources of grit in adults, Nursing and Health Sciences, 24, (3) pp. 752-763. ISSN 1441-0745 (2022) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

2022 The Authors. Nursing & Health Sciences published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License, ( which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

DOI: doi:10.1111/nhs.12973


Grit has been linked to increased performance, retention and well-being in various fields. Defined as having perseverance and passion for long-term goals, grit is a personality trait related to one's perseverance of effort (perseverance) and consistency of interests (passion) toward their goals. In the fifteen years since the original grit scale was published, many studies have investigated factors that promote grit. However, a scale has not yet been developed measuring characteristics that can contribute to higher levels of grit. This study aimed to develop a novel scale to measure the psychological resources of grit. The Delphi technique was used to obtain consensus from an international panel of academics and practitioners who are experts in grit and related constructs. A total of 30 participants rated 100 scale items conducted over three rounds of online surveys. Experts agreed that items selected for the final scale (n = 20) were essential, with 85% rating these as important or very important. This scale would be a helpful diagnostic tool for practitioners involved in staff development and support building capabilities that contribute to goal achievement.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Delphi technique, goals, grit, psychological resources, scale development, staff development
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Applied and developmental psychology
Research Field:Testing, assessment and psychometrics
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in psychology
UTAS Author:Schimschal, SE ( Sarah Schimschal)
UTAS Author:Visentin, D (Dr Denis Visentin)
UTAS Author:Kornhaber, R (Dr Rachel Kornhaber)
UTAS Author:Barnett, T (Associate Professor Tony Barnett)
UTAS Author:Cleary, M (Professor Michelle Cleary)
ID Code:151017
Year Published:2022
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2022-07-12
Last Modified:2022-12-23
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